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Abrams, Mark Alexander [formerly Max Alexander Abramowitz] (1906–1994), social scientist, was born at 57 Balfour Road, Edmonton, London, on 27 April 1906, one of eight children born to Abraham (Abram) Abramowitz, also known as Abramovich or Abrams, and his wife, Annie (Hannah), ...

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Argyle, Jesse William (1859–1924), social investigator and statistician, was born at 7 Argyle Road, Mile End, London, on 4 September 1859, the elder of two sons of Jesse Smith Argyle (1834/5–1866), a grocer's travelling salesman, and his wife, Martha Annie, née Mattocks. After their father's death ...

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Argyle, (John) Michael (1925–2002), social psychologist, was born on 11 August 1925 at 2 First Avenue, Sherwood Rise, Nottingham, the only child of George Edgar Argyle, a schoolmaster, and his wife, Phyllis, née Hawkins-Ambler, both of whom died when he was eleven years old. He was educated at ...

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Aves, Ernest Harry (1857–1917), social investigator and civil servant, was born on 30 August 1857 at Cleveland Villa, Station Road, Cambridge, the son of William Owen Aves, tailor and woollen draper, and his wife, Mary Ann Coales. He was educated in Cambridge at ...

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Banks, Joseph Ambrose [Joe] (1920–2005), sociologist and historian, was born at 66 Montague Road, Edmonton, Middlesex, on 5 January 1920, the only child of Joseph William Banks, a boot and shoe dealer who later became a master tailor, and his wife, Louisa Mary Ann, ...

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Barry, Brian Michael (1936–2009), social and political theorist, was born on 7 August 1936 at the Redhill County Hospital, Edgware, London, the only child of James Frederick Barry (1910–1975), an enamelling engineer's secretary and later an insurance agent, and his wife, Doris Rose, ...

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Beales, Hugh Lancelot (1889–1988), economist and social historian, born at Sedbergh, Yorkshire, on 18 February 1889, was the son of William Beales, a Wesleyan Methodist minister, and his wife, Zaida Mary Ann Elizabeth Scantlebury Green. He grew up in a radical political household. He was sent to the ...

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Beer, (Anthony) Stafford (1926–2002), management cybernetician, was born on 25 September 1926 at 48 Fernhurst Road, Fulham, London, the elder son of William John Beer (1900–1976), statistician and clerk for Lloyds Register of Shipping, and his wife, Doris Ethel, née Rose (1900–1993). He was educated at ...

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Bernstein, Basil Bernard (1924–2000), sociologist, was born on 1 November 1924 at 189 Oxford Street, Mile End Old Town, London, the son of Bertram Bernstein, furrier, and his wife, Julia, née Park. He was originally named Bernard Basil, but reversed the order of his forenames. He was brought up in the ...

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Charles Booth (1840–1916) by George Frederic Watts, c. 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Booth, Charles (1840–1916), shipowner and social investigator, was born on 30 March 1840 at 27 Bedford North Street, Liverpool. He was the third son of Charles Booth (1799–1860), a prosperous corn merchant, and his first wife, Emily Fletcher (1803–1853). Both his parents were Unitarians, and had wide connections among the commercial, dissenting, and philanthropic ‘aristocracy’ of ...

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Bernard Bosanquet (1848–1923) by Walter Stoneman, 1917 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bosanquet, Bernard (1848–1923), philosopher and social theorist, was born on 14 June 1848 at Rock Hall, near Alnwick, the youngest of five sons of the Revd Robert William Bosanquet (1800–1880), of Rock, Northumberland, and formerly rector of Bolingbroke, Lincolnshire, son of Charles Bosanquet (1769–1850)...

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Jennifer Platt and William Outhwaite

Bottomore, Thomas Burton (1920–1992), sociologist, was born on 8 April 1920 at the Collins Trust Maternity Hospital, Waverley Street, Nottingham, the first of the three children of Thomas Joseph Bottomore (1887–1954), milliner, and his wife, Margaret Amy (1894–1977), daughter of James Ernest Bacon...

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Busia, Kofi Abrefa (1913–1978), sociologist and politician, was born on 14 April or 11 July 1913 (he stated 11 July) at Wenchi, in the Asante region of the Gold Coast. He was the son of Yaw Bosea, a prominent member of the royal ...

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Houston Stewart Chamberlain (1855–1927) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Chamberlain, Houston Stewart (1855–1927), racialist writer, was born on 9 September 1855 in Southsea, the last of the four children (one daughter and three sons) of Rear-Admiral William Charles Chamberlain (1818–1878), and his first wife, Eliza Jane (1825?–1856?), daughter of Captain Basil Hall RN...

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Coates, Kenneth Sidney [Ken] (1930–2010), sociologist and politician, was born at 41 Cruso Street, Leek, Staffordshire, on 16 September 1930, the son of Eric Arthur Coates, municipal engineer and local government surveyor, and his wife, Mary, née Griffiths. His father's work took him and his family to ...

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Cohen, Stanley [Stan] (1942–2013), sociologist and criminologist, was born on 23 February 1942 in Johannesburg, South Africa, the eldest son of Ray Cohen, a businessman who had arrived from Lithuania in the wave of immigration in the 1920s and 1930s, and his wife, ...

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Ralf Gustav Dahrendorf (1929–2009) by unknown photographer, 1980 Library of the London School of Economics, IMAGELIBRARY/81