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Crane, Sir Francis (c. 1579–1636), courtier and tapestry manufacturer, is first recorded in 1606. His name does not appear in registers of admissions to Oxford, Cambridge, or the inns of court until 1619, when he was admitted to Gray's Inn. A memorial tablet in the church at ...

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Duncan, John (1794–1881), hand-loom weaver and botanist, was born on 19 December 1794 at Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, the illegitimate son of John Duncan, weaver and soldier, from Drumlithie, and Ann Caird (c.1773–c.1830), also of Drumlithie, who decided to support herself and her child by weaving stockings and harvesting at nearby ...

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John Duncan (1794–1881) by unknown engraver, c. 1865–6 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lekeux, Peter (1648–1723), master weaver, was born in Canterbury, Kent, the third son of John Lekeux, weaver, and Antoine Le Quien. The Lekeux were a well-established family of weavers, who had first gone to Canterbury as Huguenot refugees in the late sixteenth century. ...

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Marsden, Richard (1802/3–1858), weaver and Chartist, was born in humble circumstances in or near Manchester in 1802 or 1803. Nothing is known about his early life, but he was a hand-loom weaver by trade. He left Manchester in search of work during the slump of 1829 and settled with his family in the weaving township of ...

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Martin, John (1783–1855), botanist and hand-loom weaver, was born on 17 November 1783 in Tyldesley, Lancashire, the son of a poor shopkeeper and farmer. He lived with his parents, of whom little is known, until about 1802, during which time he received some schooling and began weaving. When he was fifteen he became intensely religious, advocating voluntary poverty. None the less, when his father began losing property to creditors, ...

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Mealmaker, George (1768–1808), weaver and radical, was born on 10 February 1768, the son of John Mealmaker, weaver, of the Seagate, Dundee, and Alison Auchinleck. Of Mealmaker's early life and education there is no direct information. Similarly, it is possible only to speculate about the sources of his political radicalism. A description of him from 1793 as 'a common unlettered weaver' reflects more the patronizing assumptions of the writer than reality. ...

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G. Le G. Norgate

Reviser U. Natarajan

Millhouse, Robert (1788–1839), weaver and poet, was born on 14 (or 17) October 1788, at Nottingham, the second of ten children of John Millhouse and his wife, Ann, née Burbage. His only education was obtained at a Sunday school, and by the age of ten he worked at a stocking loom and sang in the choir of ...

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Nowell, John (1802–1867), weaver and bryologist, was born at Springs, near Todmorden, Yorkshire, the illegitimate son of William Midgley, smallholder and publican at Kebcote, and Miriam Nowell (c.1781–1852). He lived with his grandparents and, other than a short attendance at Sunday school, received no education until, aged twenty, he joined a grammar class held at ...

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Pilling, Richard (1799–1874), hand-loom weaver and Chartist, was born on 15 December 1799 in Bolton, Lancashire, the son of a cotton weaver. He started work around ten years of age during the boom of the French wars. He was then, he claimed, able to earn ...

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Rushton, Benjamin (1785–1853), hand-loom weaver and radical agitator, was born at Dewsbury in Yorkshire, but later moved to Halifax, where he found employment as a fancy-worsted weaver, residing at Friendly Fold in the village of Ovenden. He married Mary Helliwell (b. 1786)...

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Thom, William (1798?–1848), poet and weaver, was born in Aberdeen, probably on 12 March 1798. He hardly knew his father, who may have been a merchant or an architect. Run over by a nobleman's carriage at an early age, Thom was lamed for life; his widowed mother was offered compensation of ...

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See Baird, John

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Wright, John (1805–c. 1846), weaver and poet, was born on 1 September 1805 in the parish of Sorn, Ayrshire, the son of James Wright of Galston, coal-driver, and Grizzle Taylor (d. 1842). John, the fourth of seven children, grew up in ...