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Ashburnham, John (1602/3–1671), courtier and politician, was the eldest son of Sir John Ashburnham (1570/71–1620) and Elizabeth (1577–1651), daughter of Sir Thomas Beaumont. William Ashburnham, army officer and politician, was his younger brother. He was educated at Gray's Inn and Peterhouse, Cambridge. His father died in 1620, having wasted his estate and leaving his family in penury. But within two years his heir had so far repaired their broken fortune, that (says the epitaph in ...

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George Baillie of Jerviswood (1664–1738) by William Aikman, 1717 in a private Scottish collection

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Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

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See Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker

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Francis Basset, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835) by Thomas Gainsborough, c. 1786 in the collection of the Corcoran Gallery of Art, William A. Clark

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Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner, was born at Walcot, Oxfordshire, on 9 August 1757, first-born of two sons and five daughters of Francis Basset (1715–1769), MP and landowner, of Tehidy, Cornwall, and his wife, Margaret...

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Blount, Mountjoy, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666), courtier and politician, was the eldest of three illegitimate sons of Charles Blount, earl of Devonshire (1563–1606), and Lady Penelope Rich (1563–1607), daughter of Walter Devereux, first earl of Essex; his parents were eventually to marry, contrary to canon law, in 1605. He was the half-brother of ...

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Mountjoy Blount, first earl of Newport (c. 1597–1666) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, c. 1637–8 Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection

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Boscawen, Hugh, first Viscount Falmouth (c. 1680–1734), politician and courtier, was the eldest surviving son of Edward Boscawen (1628–1685), a wealthy Turkey merchant and MP, and his wife, Jael (d. 1730), the daughter of Sir Francis Godolphin. Both parents were of prominent Cornish landed families, and their connections at the very heart of politics ensured the future path of ...

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Alexander Bruce, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680) by Adriaen Hanneman, c. 1660 The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, K.T.

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Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680), landowner and politician, was the second son of Sir George Bruce (d. 1643) and his wife, Mary, daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. In 1645 Bruce matriculated at St Leonard's College, St Andrews...

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Burke [de Burgh], Ulick, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658), landowner and politician, was the only son of Richard de Burgh, fourth earl of Clanricarde (1572–1635), and his wife, Frances (d. 1632), daughter and heir of Sir Francis Walsingham and widow of Sir Philip Sidney...

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Ulick Burke, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bussy, Sir John (d. 1399), speaker of the House of Commons and courtier, was the son and heir of Sir William Bussy of Hougham, Lincolnshire, and Thistleton, Rutland, and Isabel, daughter of John Paynell of Boothby. Bussy first appears in the records in 1378, when he served overseas under the command of ...

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Bysshe, Sir Edward (c. 1610–1679), herald and politician, was one of the seven children of Edward Bysshe MP (d. 1655), of Burstow, Surrey, and his wife, Mary, daughter of John Turner of Ham, Bletchingley, Surrey. The family had been at Burstow since the fifteenth century, and there his father, a successful lawyer in the ...

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T. F. Henderson

Reviser Philip Carter

Calhoun, Patrick (1727–1796), politician and landowner in America, was born in Donegal into a family of Scottish origin. He emigrated to Pennsylvania with his family in 1733, and several years later they moved to the western part of Virginia about 15 miles from the ...

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Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician, was the elder surviving son of Colin Campbell, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), and his second wife, Lady Annas or Agnes Keith (c. 1540–1588), eldest daughter of William Keith, fourth Earl Marischal...

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Campbell, Archibald, marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), nobleman and politician, was born between August 1605 and April 1607, the son of Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), and his first wife, Lady Anne Douglas (1574–1607), daughter of William Douglas, sixth earl of Morton...

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Campbell, Archibald, ninth earl of Argyll (1629–1685), politician and clan leader, was born on 26 February 1629 at Newbattle Abbey, Edinburghshire, the son of Archibald Campbell, Lord Lorne and later eighth earl and marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), and his wife, Lady Margaret (1610–1678)...