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Horace Gundry Alexander (1889–1989) by Morland Braithwaite private collection

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Alexander, Horace Gundry (1889–1989), Quaker envoy and mediator, was born on 18 April 1889 at Croydon, Surrey, the youngest of four sons of Joseph Gundry Alexander (1848–1918), a Quaker barrister and advocate of international arbitration, and of Josephine Crosfield Alexander. He was educated at ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Barclay, Robert (1833–1876), Quaker and ecclesiastical historian, was born on 4 August 1833 at Croydon. He was the younger son of John Barclay (1797–1838), a descendant of the Quaker apologist Robert Barclay, and himself an expert on the early literature of the Society of Friends...

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Braithwaite, John (bap. 1633, d. c. 1680), Quaker apologist and missionary, was born at Cartmel, Lancashire, and baptized there on 24 March 1633; he was the son of James Braithwaite of Newton, in that parish.

Braithwaite became a Quaker in 1652 after meeting ...

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Francis Bugg (1640–1727) by Frederick Hendrick van Hove, 1700 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bugg, Francis (1640–1727), Quaker apostate, was born at Mildenhall, Suffolk, on 10 March 1640 and baptized on 14 March. His father was Robert (d. c.1667), the second son of Francis and Margaret Bugg; his mother, Joan, the daughter of Thomas and ...

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Burrough, Edward (1633–1663), Quaker activist and writer, was born at Underbarrow, near Kendal, on 1 March 1633 and baptized in Kendal on 3 March, the son of James Burrough (d. 1658), a farmer from Underbarrow. Nothing is known of his mother, except that she died in 1658, or of his other siblings. Of ...

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Clarridge, Samuel (1631–1704/5), Quaker activist, accompanied Cromwell to Ireland in 1651, married Margery Nugent (d. in or before 1662) four years later, and about 1658 became a Quaker. In November 1659 the Irish government impounded a shipment of Quaker books consigned to him. For attending a ...

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Crewdson, Isaac (1780–1844), Quaker seceder, was the elder son of Thomas Crewdson and Cicely (née Dillworth) of Kendal, Westmorland. He was born there on 6 June 1780, and at fourteen settled at Ardwick, Manchester, where he became a successful textile manufacturer. On 27 July 1803 he married ...

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Crisp, Stephen (1628–1692), Quaker activist and writer, was born in Colchester, the son of Stephen Crisp (d. 1671), a clothier, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1666). Crisp was religiously inclined from an early age. In an account of his life published posthumously he reveals how at the age of nine or ten he sought 'the Power of ...

Article

G. S. Boulger

revised by Alexander Goldbloom

Crosfield, George (1785–1847), botanist and Quaker publicist, was born on 26 May 1785 at Warrington, the son of George Crosfield (1754–1820) and his wife, Ann. His parents left Warrington in 1799, leaving the fourteen-year-old Crosfield to work in a grocery business there, a chain of events which gave him remarkable self-reliance. He acted as secretary to the ...

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Curtis, Thomas (d. 1712), Quaker schismatic, was probably born in Reading, and was the son of Arthur Curtis. He served as a captain in the New Model Army and was appointed a sub-commissioner for sequestrations in Berkshire in January 1652. In 1651 he married ...

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Curwen, Thomas (c. 1610–1680), Quaker missionary, was born in Baycliff in the parish of Aldingham, near Ulverston in Furness, Lancashire; his parents' names are not known. About 1641 he married 'a strict religious professor' (Backhouse and others, 200); the maiden name and parentage of his wife, ...

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Dewsbury, William (c. 1621–1688), Quaker activist, was born and raised in Allerthorpe, in the East Riding of Yorkshire. Of his father and mother nothing is known, beyond the speculation by Smith that William's father died when he was eight years old. Dewsbury's upbringing, working life, and religious experiences are discussed in his ...

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Leslie Stephen

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Dymond, Jonathan (1796–1828), Quaker moralist and peace advocate, was born on 19 December 1796 at Bridge House, Bridge Street, Exeter, the fifth child of the five sons and two daughters of John Dymond (1761–1838) and his wife, Olive Hitchcock (1761–1840). His family belonged to the ...

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Eccles, Solomon (1617?–1682), musician and Quaker missionary, was probably baptized on 14 September 1617 at Hatfield, Hertfordshire, the son of Solomon Eccles. His father was a musician, but little else is known of Eccles's early life. He appears to have lived at ...

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Fell, Henry (c. 1630–1674x80), Quaker missionary, was from Lancashire but his parents are unknown; he had a brother, Thomas. His surname was common in Lancashire and it has not been possible to establish his kinship (if any) with Thomas Fell, judge, of Swarthmoor Hall...

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Fell, Leonard (1624–1701), Quaker missionary and writer, was the son of Thomas Fell of Baycliff, near Ulverston in the Furness district of north Lancashire. He took service in the nearby godly household of Thomas Fell (1598–1658) and Margaret Fell (1614–1702) at Swarthmoor Hall...

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Holme, Thomas (1626/7–1666), Quaker missionary, was born at Kendal in Westmorland to parents at present unknown, and was by trade a weaver. In 1652 he was convinced by William Gibson and later became 'the apostle of Quakerism in South Wales' (Braithwaite...

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Hookes, Ellis (bap. 1635, d. 1681), Quaker administrator, was born in the Woodyard Lodgings within the environs of the Palace of Westminster, and was baptized on 12 March 1635 at St Margaret's Church, near Westminster. His father, Thomas Hookes of Conwy, Denbighshire, a courtier to ...