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Andrews, Michael James (1928–1995), artist, was born on 30 October 1928 at 142 Glebe Road, Norwich, the second child of Thomas Victor Andrews, an insurance clerk, and his wife, Gertrude Emma, née Green. Reared a Methodist and readied by his parents for a job for life in the ...

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Boris Vasilyevich Anrep, Count Elmpt in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1883–1969) by Pierre Roy, 1949 [Boris Anrep in his Studio, 65 boulevard Arago] © ADAGP, Paris and DACS, London, 2010; photograph Tate, London, 2004

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Anrep, Boris Vasilyevich, Count Elmpt in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1883–1969), mosaicist, came of a noble Russian family. He was born on 28 September 1883 in St Petersburg, the son of Vasily Konstantinovich von Anrep (1852–1927), a doctor who became the minister of education for ...

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Michael Ayrton (1921–1975) self-portrait, 1947 © Estate of Michael Ayrton; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ayrton [formerly Ayrton Gould], Michael (1921–1975), artist and writer, was born at 3 Hamilton Terrace, St John's Wood, London, on 20 February 1921, the only child of Gerald Gould (1885–1936), poet and journalist, and his wife, Barbara Bodichon Ayrton Gould (1886–1950), politician and sometime chairman of the ...

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Banham, (Peter) Reyner (1922–1988), architectural critic and historian, was born on 2 March 1922 in Norwich, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Percy Banham, gas engineer, and his wife, Violet Frances Maud Reyner. Reyner Banham (known to only his close friends as ...

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(Frank) Graham Bell (1910–1943) by Olivier Bell, 1938 [painting Dover Front] private collection

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Bell, (Frank) Graham (1910–1943), painter and writer, was born on 21 November 1910 near Brakpan, Johannesburg, Transvaal, the eldest of the three sons of Frank Graham Bell (1874–1948), a British mining engineer, and his wife, Marjorie, née Hewitt (1888–1979). The family spent from 1915 to 1922 in ...

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Walter Leonard Frederick Bird (1903–1969) by Godfrey Argent, 1966 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bird, Walter Leonard Frederick (1903–1969), photographer, was born at 141 Southampton Street, Camberwell, London, on 21 June 1903, the elder child and only son of Walter John Bird, letter sorter, and his wife, Charlotte Helena, née Richards. While both his parents hoped their son would become an engineer, ...

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Briscoe, Arthur John Reginald Trevor (1873–1943), engraver and marine artist, was born on 25 February 1873 at Mount Pleasant, Oxton, Birkenhead, Cheshire, the eldest son of John Briscoe (d. 1893), a prominent Liverpool businessman and senior partner in the cotton-broking firm of ...

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Ford Madox Brown (1821–1893) self-portrait, 1877 courtesy of the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University Art Museums. Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop. Photograph: Katya Kallsen © President and Fellows of Harvard College

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Brown, Ford Madox (1821–1893), painter and designer, was born at Calais, France, on 16 April 1821, the son of Ford Brown (d. 1842) and his wife, Caroline (d. 1839), the daughter of Tristram Maries Madox, of an old Kent yeoman family. ...

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Bulley, Arthur Kilpin (1861–1942), cotton broker and gardener, was born at Montpellier Lodge, Montpellier Crescent, New Brighton, Cheshire, on 10 January 1861, the fourth son and thirteenth of fourteen children of Samuel Marshall Bulley (1811–1880), cotton broker, and his wife, Mary Rachel (1817–1887)...

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Coates, Wells Wintemute (1895–1958), architect and industrial designer, was born on 17 December 1895 in Tokyo, Japan, the eldest of the six children of the Revd Dr Harper Havelock Coates (1865–1934), Canadian-born Methodist medical missionary and professor of philosophy and comparative religion at the ...

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Sir Sydney Carlyle Cockerell (1867–1962) by Dorothy Webster Hawksley, 1951 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Cockerell, Sir Sydney Carlyle (1867–1962), museum director and book collector, was born at Brighton on 16 July 1867, the second child (and second son) of the family of four sons and two daughters of Sydney John Cockerell (1842–1877), coal merchant, of London, and his wife, ...

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(William) Martin Conway, Baron Conway of Allington (1856–1937) by Bassano, 1895 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Conway, (William) Martin, Baron Conway of Allington (1856–1937), art historian and mountaineer, was born on 12 April 1856 at Rochester, Kent, the only son of William Conway, a low-church evangelical vicar of St Nicholas's Church, Rochester, afterwards rector of St Margaret's Church, Westminster...

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Copley, John (1875–1950), printmaker and painter, was born on 25 June 1875 at his parents' home, Fallowfield, in Manchester, the only child of William Crawford Williamson (1816–1895), professor of botany at Manchester University and founder of palaeobotany, and his second wife, Annie Copley Heaton (1840?–1929?)...