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Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626), lord chancellor, politician, and philosopher, was born on 22 January 1561 at York House in the Strand, London, the second of the two sons of Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510–1579), lord keeper, and his second wife, Anne (...


Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930), prime minister and philosopher, was born on 25 July 1848 at Whittingehame House, East Lothian, the third of eight children and eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner (and MP, 1841–7), and his wife, ...


Arthur James Balfour, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930) by John Singer Sargent, 1908 © National Portrait Gallery, London


Vyvyan, Sir Richard Rawlinson, eighth baronet (1800–1879), politician and philosopher, was born on 6 June 1800 at the family home at Trelowarren, in the parish of Mawgan in Meneage, Cornwall, the eldest of seven children of Sir Vyell Vyvyan, seventh baronet (bap...