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Alexander, Sir Kenneth John Wilson [Ken] (1922–2001), economist, university administrator, and public servant, was born on 14 March 1922 at 12 Kilmaurs Terrace, Edinburgh, the only son of William Wilson Alexander (1888–1930), lawyer, and his wife, Mary Logan Grahame, née Wilson (1888–1975), tailoress. He won a scholarship to ...

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John Anderson, first Viscount Waverley (1882–1958) by Howard Coster, 1953 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, John, first Viscount Waverley (1882–1958), civil service administrator and politician, was born at 1 Livingstone Place, Edinburgh, on 8 July 1882, the only surviving son of David Alexander Pearson Anderson (1855–1948), a fancy stationer who later became a director of a well-known firm of printers and publishers, ...

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Bellenden, Sir Lewis, of Auchnoll (1555x7–1591), administrator and judge, was the eldest son of Sir John Bellenden of Auchnoul (d. 1576) and his second wife, Barbara, daughter of Sir Hugh Kennedy of Girvanmains and Dame Jane Stewart, Lady Methven. Lewis was born between 1555 and August 1557, when he and his mother were granted a charter of certain lands in the ...

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Bellenden, William, first Lord Bellenden of Broughton (1604/5–1671), Treasury official, was the only son of Sir James Bellenden of Broughton (d. 1606) and his wife, Elizabeth Ker (d. 1656). He succeeded to his father's estates in 1606. Bellenden took the royalist side during the civil wars. Seeking to procure arms, ammunition, and shipping from ...

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Blackwell, Alexander (bap. 1709, d. 1747), agricultural improver and government agent in Sweden, was baptized in Aberdeen on 10 October 1709. He was the son of Thomas Blackwell (1660?–1728), professor of theology and principal at Marischal College in Aberdeen, and his wife, Christian (...

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Bonar, James (1852–1941), civil servant and economist, was born in the manse at Collace, Perthshire, on 27 September 1852, the elder son and second of the six children of the Revd Andrew Alexander Bonar (1810–1892), a Free Church minister, after whom the politician ...

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James Braidwood (1800–1861) by unknown photographer London Fire Brigade

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Braidwood, James (1800–1861), fire officer, was born at Edinburgh on 3 September 1800, the ninth of ten children of Francis Braidwood (b. 1752), a cabinet-maker who became a successful builder, and his wife, Janet Mitchell. His grandfather, William Braidwood, a strict sabbatarian, was one of the ‘...

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Bruce, Edward, first Lord Kinloss and first Baron Bruce of Kinloss (1548/9–1611), lawyer and administrator, was the second son of Sir Edward Bruce of Blairhall, Clackmannanshire (1505–1565), and his wife, Alison, daughter of William Reid of Aitkenhead, Clackmannanshire; he was thus a nephew of ...

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George Buchanan (1506–1582) after Arnold Bronckorst, 1581 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Buchanan, George (1506–1582), poet, historian, and administrator, was born about 1 February 1506 at a farm called The Moss in Killearn parish, Stirlingshire, the fifth of eight children of Thomas Buchanan (d. c.1512) and Agnes Heriot, traditionally said to be of the ...

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Sir Alexander Kirkland Cairncross (1911–1998) by Walter Bird, 1963 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cairncross, Sir Alexander Kirkland [Alec] (1911–1998), economist and public servant, was born on 11 February 1911 at Pine Cottage, Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, Scotland, the third of four sons and the seventh of eight children of Alexander Kirkland Cairncross (1865–1947), draper and ironmonger, and his wife, ...

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Carmichael, James, first Lord Carmichael (1579–1672), judge and government official, was the third son of Walter Carmichael of Hyndford (d. 1625), and Grizel, daughter of Sir John Carmichael of Meadowflat. He was originally designated of Hyndford, but on purchasing the lands of ...

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Carmichael, Sir John, of that ilk (c. 1542–1600), administrator, was the eldest son of John Carmichael (d. c.1585) and Elizabeth, third daughter of Hugh Somerville, fourth Lord Somerville. By a contract dated 5 September 1561 he married Margaret, illegitimate daughter of ...

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Cleland, James (1770–1840), statistician and civic administrator, was born in Glasgow on 28 January 1770 and spent his early career as a cabinet-maker in his father's firm. He was educated at the high school in Glasgow, and completed his training in London in the late 1780s. In 1791 he returned to ...

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Sir Henry Craik, first baronet (1846–1927) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1909 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Craik, Sir Henry, first baronet (1846–1927), civil servant and author, was born in Glasgow on 18 October 1846. He was the fifth son and the ninth of the ten children of the Revd James Craik DD, minister of St George's Church, Glasgow, and at one time moderator of the ...

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Sir Charles Craik Cunningham (1906–1998) by unknown photographer © reserved; News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London