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Maker: John Cochran

Joseph Barker (1806–1875) by John Cochran, pubd 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist, was born on 11 May 1806 at Bramley, near Leeds. His ancestors, originally of Keighley, had been settled in this area for several generations as farmers and manufacturers. The identity of his parents has not been discovered, though it is known that his father was employed in woollen manufacture and served for some time in the militia, and that ...

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Hugh Bourne (1772–1852) by Watson Smith, c.1827 Englesea Brook Chapel and Museum

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Bourne, Hugh (1772–1852), founder of the Primitive Methodist church, son of Joseph Bourne, farmer and wheelwright, and his wife, Ellen Steele, was born at Fordhays Farm, in the parish of Stoke-on-Trent on 3 April 1772, and, after some education at nearby Werrington and ...

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Bowes, John (1804–1874), preacher and author, was born on 12 June 1804 in Swineside, Coverham parish, Yorkshire, the son of a farmer. Bowes joined the Wesleyan Methodists in 1817 but, while working for a brewer in Leyburn, he transferred to the Primitive Methodists because of their revivalist successes, becoming a circuit preacher in 1822. He married ...

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William Clowes (1780–1851) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1854 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Clowes, William (1780–1851), a founder of the Primitive Methodist Connexion, the son of Samuel Clowes, potter, and Ann, daughter of Aaron Wedgwood (a member of the illustrious ceramics family), was born at Burslem, Staffordshire, on 12 March 1780, and employed during his early years as a potter. He was considered one of the finest dancers in his neighbourhood and for many years led a dissipated life, but on 20 January 1805 he was converted during a prayer meeting. He soon established a prayer meeting in his own house, became the leader of a Wesleyan Methodist class, and joined a society which endeavoured to promote the keeping of the sabbath. He was one of the attendants at the first camp meeting ever held in ...

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Edwards, (Samuel Jules) Celestine (1857?–1894), Methodist evangelist and journal editor, was born, probably on 28 December 1857, at Burns, Dominica, in the West Indies, one of ten children. His father was a sailor, who died about 1867; little is known of his mother except that she was alive in 1894. ...

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Kitson, Alfred (1855–1934), spiritualist, was born at Gawthorpe, Ossett, near Dewsbury, Yorkshire, on 15 February 1855, the son of John Kitson and his wife, Esther (Betty), née Butterfield. His father was a coalminer and his mother a mill worker. The family lived in poverty, owing to his father's poor health and consequent irregular employment. ...

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Oxtoby, John [nicknamed Praying Johnny] (1767–1830), evangelist and Primitive Methodist preacher, was born early in 1767 at Little Givendale, near Pocklington, East Riding of Yorkshire, the son of Robert Oxtoby, a farmer, and his wife, Jane. He received a little education at a country school, worked in agriculture, but lost carefully acquired property by '...

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Peake, Arthur Samuel (1865–1929), theologian and biblical scholar, was born at Leek, Staffordshire, on 24 November 1865, the second son and third child in a family of seven of the Revd Samuel Peake (1830–1914), a Primitive Methodist minister, and his wife, Rosabella Smith (...

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Maker: Elliott & Fry

Charles James Simmons (1893–1975) by Elliott & Fry, 1949 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Simmons, Charles James [Jim] (1893–1975), politician and evangelical preacher, was born at 30 Brighton Road, Moseley, Birmingham, on 9 April 1893, the eldest son of James Henry Simmons (1867–1941), journeyman and later master painter, and his wife, Mary Jane, née Russell (1872–1958), a schoolteacher. His parents were Primitive Methodists, temperance advocates, and Liberals. His maternal grandfather, ...

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Wearmouth, Robert Featherstone (1882–1963), Methodist minister and historian, was born at 62 Joicey Terrace, Oxhill, co. Durham, on 10 June 1882, the son of William Wearmouth, a miner, and his wife, Sarah Walker. His mother came from Etherley, connected with the Featherstones of ...