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Ainslie, Sir Robert, first baronet (1729/30–1812), diplomatist and numismatist, was the third son of George Ainslie (d. 1773), merchant, and his wife, Jean, daughter of Sir Philip Anstruther of Anstrutherfield, Fife. He grew up with his two brothers and five sisters in ...

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Ascham, Anthony (bap. 1614, d. 1650), diplomat and pamphleteer, was baptized on 6 March 1614 in Boston, Lincolnshire, the son of Thomas and Cicilly (d. 1634) Ascham or Ascombe. Little is known of his parents, though Allen states he was descended of the same family as ...

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Aston, William George (1841–1911), diplomatist and Japanese and Korean scholar, was born on 9 April 1841 near Londonderry, one of the five children of George Robert Aston, minister of the Unitarian Church of Ireland and schoolmaster. He was educated at Saintfield national school...

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William George Aston (1841–1911) by Minnie Agnes Cohen, 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barlow, Joel (1754–1812), poet and diplomatist, was born on 24 March 1754 at Redding, Connecticut, the fourth child of Samuel Barlow, farmer, and his second wife, Esther Hull. For several generations the Barlow family maintained a reputation as respectable farmers in America, and ...

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Barton, Edward (1562/3–1598), diplomat, was born in 1562 or 1563, being thirty-five at his death in 1598. Armorial bearings on his tombstone suggest that he belonged to the family of Bartons of Smithhills Hall, Bolton, Lancashire. He had at least one elder brother, ...

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Biondi, Sir Giovanni Francesco (1572–1644), diplomat and romance writer, was born at Lesina (now Hvar), Croatia. His family, whose surname was Biundović until the 1600s, was noble but of modest means. Giovanni took a law degree at Padua and, after a period in ...

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Boleyn, George, Viscount Rochford (c. 1504–1536), courtier and diplomat, was the only son of Thomas Boleyn, earl of Wiltshire (1476/7–1539), and Elizabeth Howard (d. 1538), eldest daughter of Thomas Howard, earl of Surrey and later second duke of Norfolk (1443–1524). He first appears in the public record participating in the Christmas revels of 1514, and he signalled his father's success when he became a royal page in 1516. His earliest recorded grants resulted from his father's service to the crown and his sister ...

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Bourbon, Armand de, marquis de Miremont (1655–1732), army officer and diplomat, was born on 12 July 1655 at the château of Lacaze in Languedoc, southern France, the second of the five children of Louis de Bourbon, second marquis de Malauze (1608–1667), and his second wife, ...

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Armand de Bourbon, marquis de Miremont (1655–1732) by unknown artist courtesy of Mrs Shirley Stack

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John Bourchier, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533) attrib. Ambrosius Benson, c. 1521–6 Galerie Jan der Maere

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Bourchier, John, second Baron Berners (c. 1467–1533), soldier, diplomat, and translator, was the son of Sir Humphrey Bourchier (d. 1471) and Elizabeth (d. 1497), daughter and sole heir of Frederick Tilney of Boston, Lincolnshire. His father, a Yorkist, was killed at the battle of ...

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Bradshaw, Richard (bap. 1610, d. 1685), merchant and diplomat, was baptized at Pennington, Aspull, Lancashire, on 25 August 1610; his parents are unknown. A merchant of Chester, he was elected to the common council of the city on 14 July 1637, replacing Randle Finchett...

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Stanley Lane-Poole

Reviser William Ronald Braithwaite

Braithwaite, John (1696–1740), soldier and diplomatist, was the second of three sons born to John Braithwaite (1666–1739), a member of a prominent Westmorland family, and his wife, Silvestra Cooke (d. 1739). In his preface to his History of the Revolutions in the Empire of Morocco...

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Bunsen, Christian Karl Josias von, Baron von Bunsen in the Prussian nobility (1791–1860), diplomatist and scholar, was born on 25 August 1791 in Korbach, in the German principality of Waldeck, the only child of Heinrich Christian Bunsen (1743–1820), a regimental officer, and his second wife, ...

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Sir Nicholas Carew (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539) by unknown artist in the collection of the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry KT

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Carew, Sir Nicholas (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539), diplomat and courtier, was the eldest son of Sir Richard Carew (d. 1520) of Beddington, Surrey, and Maline, daughter of Robert Oxenbridge (d. 1488) of Ford Place in Brede, Sussex. The main line of his ancient family had settled at ...

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Carnegie, Sir Robert, of Kinnaird (d. 1566), diplomat and judge, was the son of John Carnegie of Kinnaird (d. 1513) and Jane Vaus. He inherited the family estates in Forfarshire on his father's death. He married Margaret Guthrie, the daughter of a north-east laird, and they had at least three sons. He also had an illegitimate son, ...

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Caron, Sir Noel de (b. before 1530, d. 1624), diplomat, was born in Flanders, probably the son of Jacques Caron van Schonewalle, who was from 1530 magistraat of the Brugge Vrije (the free region of Bruges). Through a convoluted family connection he was related to ...

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Cathcart, Charles Schaw, ninth Lord Cathcart (1721–1776), army officer and diplomat, was born in Edinburgh on 21 March 1721, the third but eldest surviving son of Charles Cathcart eighth Lord Cathcart (1685/6–1740), and his first wife, Marion Schaw (1700–1733), the daughter of ...