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Richard Doddridge Blackmore (1825–1900) by Frederick Jenkins © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blackmore, Richard Doddridge (1825–1900), novelist and fruit farmer, was born on 7 June 1825, at the vicarage, Longworth, Berkshire, the third but second surviving son of the Revd John Blackmore (1794–1858) and his first wife, Anne Basset Knight (1794–1825). Anne was the eldest daughter of the ...

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Carroll, Charles [known as Charles Carroll of Annapolis] (1702–1782), planter and ironmaster in America, was born on 2 April 1702, in Annapolis, Maryland, the second surviving son of Charles Carroll the Settler (1661–1720), proprietary agent, merchant, planter, moneylender, and lawyer, and Mary, ...

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Dalgety, Frederick Gonnerman (1817–1894), wool merchant and sheep farmer, was born on 3 December 1817 in Canada, where his father was a lieutenant in the Irish fusiliers; he had at least two younger half-brothers. Nothing is known of his education or early career before his arrival in ...

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Gilbey, Sir Walter, first baronet (1831–1914), wine merchant and horse breeder, was born on 2 May 1831 at Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, the sixth son of Henry Gilbey, coach proprietor, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of William Bailey of Stansted, Essex. Educated at Bishop's Stortford grammar school...

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See Smith [later Smith Grant] family

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Henson, Josiah (1789–1883), escaped slave, slavery abolitionist, and Methodist minister, was born on 15 June 1789 in Charles county, Maryland, USA, one of six children of slave parents. He experienced the harsh realities of slavery early in life. He saw his father receive 100 lashes and then have his ear cut off as punishment for defending his mother from the plantation overseer. His father was then sold south and was never heard from again. ...

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Heritage, John (c. 1470–c. 1536), sheep farmer and dealer in wool, was known to his contemporaries as a woolman or woolmonger. He was born about 1470, probably at Burton Dassett in Warwickshire, the son of Roger Heritage (d. 1495), a farmer of some substance, and his wife, ...

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Kem, Joseph [Teddy] (bap. 1700, d. 1780), miser and farmer-weaver, was baptized on 14 May 1700 at Wolvey, Warwickshire, the younger son of Joseph Kem (c.1680–c.1730), butcher, and his wife, Frances (c.1680–1731). He was the great-great-grandson of ...

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Latham, Richard (1699–1767), smallholder and textile producer, was born in Scarisbrick, Lancashire, the fourth son of Thomas Latham (d. 1723), smallholder, and his wife. On 25 August 1723 Latham married Ann Barton; between 1726 and 1741 they had one son and seven daughters, one of whom died in childhood. In the same year ...

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Loveless, George (1797–1874), leader of the ‘Tolpuddle martyrs’, was born in Tolpuddle, Dorset, on 2 February 1797, the seventh of the ten surviving children of Thomas Loveless (1762–1838), a labourer, and his wife, Dinah, née Stickland (1768–1809). From boyhood he worked on local farms and became a Methodist lay preacher. He married, on 26 December 1824, ...

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John Macarthur (1766–1834) by unknown engraver from the collection of the National Archives of Australia: A1200, L10417

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Macarthur, John (1766–1834), merchant and wool-grower, was probably born on 18 August 1766 and was baptized on 3 September 1767 at Stoke Damerel, near Plymouth, Devon, one of three known children of the expatriate Scot Alexander Macarthur (1720?–1790), mercer and draper, and his wife, ...

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Bernard Trevor Matthews (1930–2010) by Glenn Copus, 1991 © Glenn Copus / Rex Features / Evening Standard

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Matthews, Bernard Trevor (1930–2010), turkey farmer, was born on 24 January 1930 at 27 Cleveland Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk, the youngest in the family of two sons and two daughters of George Armond Matthews, motor engineer, and his wife, Frances May, née Hamby. He won a scholarship to the ...

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See McGillivray, Alexander

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Pero [known as William Jones, Pero Jones] (1752/3–1798), slave and personal servant, was said to have been twelve years old when he was bought from Joanna Jones by John Pinney on Nevis in the Leeward Islands, the West Indies, for £115 sterling...