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Image

Sir Francis Beaufort (1774–1857) by Stephen Pearce, 1855–6 © National Maritime Museum, London, Greenwich Hospital Collection

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by N. A. M. Rodger

Beaufort, Sir Francis (1774–1857), naval officer and hydrographer, was born on 27 May 1774 at Flower Hill, Navan, co. Meath, the second son of the Revd Daniel Augustus Beaufort (1739–1821), rector of Navan, a topographer and architect of some distinction, and his wife, ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Belcher, Sir Edward (1799–1877), naval officer and hydrographer, was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 27 February 1799, the second son of Andrew Belcher (1763–1841), a merchant in Nova Scotia who moved to England in 1811 and settled at Roehampton, Surrey, and his wife, ...

Article

Bentinck, John Albert (1737–1775), naval officer and inventor of mechanical devices, was born on 29 December 1737, the second son of William, Count Bentinck (1704–1774) and Countess Charlotte Sophie of Aldenburg (1715–1800), and grandson of Hans Willem Bentinck, first earl of Portland. His parents separated when he was about a year old and he never knew his mother. He went to sea at the age of fourteen in the ...

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John Albert Bentinck (1737–1775) by Mason Chamberlin, 1775 [left, with his son William Bentinck] © National Maritime Museum, London

Article

Brown, Sir Samuel (1776–1852), civil engineer and naval officer, was born in London, the eldest son of William Brown of Borland, Galloway, and his wife, a daughter of the Revd Robert Hogg, of Roxburgh. Brown entered the navy as an able seaman in June 1795, serving with distinction during the Napoleonic wars from that year. He was commissioned in 1800 and, as lieutenant on the ...

Article

Cust, Sir Herbert Edward Purey- (1857–1938), naval officer and hydrographer, was born on 26 February 1857, the second son of Arthur Perceval Purey-Cust (1828–1916), dean of York (1880–1916), and his wife, Lady Emma Bligh, younger daughter of the fifth earl of Darnley. He entered the ...

Article

Dunsterville, Edward (1796–1873), naval officer and hydrographer, son of Edward Dunsterville, shipowner, was born at Penryn in Cornwall on 2 December 1796. He entered the navy on 17 July 1812 as a first-class volunteer on board the sloop Brisk, on the north coast of ...

Article

Field, Sir (Arthur) Mostyn (1855–1950), naval officer and hydrographer, was born at Braybrooke, near Market Harborough, on 27 June 1855, the youngest of the three children of Lieutenant (later Captain) John Bousquet Field RN, and his wife, Cecilia, daughter of Thomas Mostyn of the army medical department. He was educated at the ...

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Matthew Flinders (1774–1814) by Helena G. de Courcy Jones, 1919 (after unknown artist, 1801?) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew C. F. David

Flinders, Matthew (1774–1814), naval officer and hydrographer, the eldest son of Matthew Flinders (1750–1802) and his first wife, Susannah, née Ward (1752–1783), was born on 16 March 1774 at Donington, near Boston in Lincolnshire, where his father and grandfather had practised as surgeons....

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Foster, Henry (bap. 1796, d. 1831), geophysicist and naval officer, was baptized on 4 September 1796 at Copp Chapel, near Woodplumpton, near Preston, Lancashire, the eldest son of Henry Foster, incumbent of Woodplumpton, and Alice Croft. He had two sisters and one brother. He was educated under a ...

Article

Hurd, Thomas Hannaford (bap. 1747, d. 1823), naval officer and hydrographer, was born in Plymouth and baptized on 30 January 1747 at the town's St Andrew's Church, the son of Edward and Jane Hurd. He joined the navy on 1 September 1768 as an able seaman in the ...

Article

Jackson, Sir Henry Bradwardine (1855–1929), naval officer and developer of wireless telegraphy, was born on 21 January 1855 at Barnsley, Yorkshire, the eldest son of Henry Jackson, a farmer in nearby Cudworth, and his wife, Jane, the daughter of Charles Tee of Barnsley...

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Sir Henry Bradwardine Jackson (1855–1929) by Walter Stoneman, 1918 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

King, Phillip Parker (1791–1856), naval officer and hydrographer, born at Government House, Norfolk Island on 13 December 1791, was the third, but only legitimate, son of Captain Philip Gidley King (1758–1808), naval officer and colonial governor. His mother was Captain King's wife, Anna Josepha, ...

Article

Loring, Frederick George (1869–1951), naval officer and wireless expert, was born on 11 March 1869 at Stonelands, Ryde, Isle of Wight, the eldest son of Admiral Sir William Loring (d. 1895), and his wife, Frances Louisa Adams. From a naval family—his grandfather ...

Article

Mackenzie [McKenzie], Murdoch, the younger (1743–1829), naval officer and hydrographic surveyor, was born on 28 February 1743, the son of Thomas Mackenzie (fl. 1709–1760), a landowner, of Groundwater, Orkney, and his wife, Elizabeth (née Blaw). Murdoch Mackenzie probably attended Kirkwall grammar school...

Article

Mason, Sir Frank Trowbridge (1900–1988), naval officer and engineer, was born in Ipswich on 25 April 1900, the elder son and elder child of Frank John Mason MBE, draper and later JP and mayor of Ipswich, and his wife, Marian Elizabeth Trowbridge. He was educated at ...

Article

Owen, William Fitzwilliam (1774–1857), naval officer and hydrographer, was the second illegitimate son of Captain William Owen RN, of the Glansevern Owens of Montgomeryshire and of Passamaquoddy Bay, New Brunswick. His mother, and that of his brother, was either Sarah Haslam or Jane Johnson...