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Bain, James Thompson (1860–1919), trade unionist in South Africa, was born at Dudhope Crescent, Dundee, on 6 March 1860, the third child of Andrew Bain and his wife, Eliza, née Thomson. His parents were both mill workers. At the age of seven he started work in a factory. At sixteen he joined the ...

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Reginald Birch (1914–1994) by Harrison © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Birch [formerly Catlin-Birch], Reginald (1914–1994), trade unionist and political activist, was born Reginald Catlin-Birch on 7 June 1914 at 4 Chichester Terrace, Kilburn, London, one of the five children of Charles Catlin-Birch (d. 1928), house painter and builder, and his wife, ...

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Dallas, George (1878–1961), trade unionist and politician, was born in Glasgow on 6 August 1878, the son of George Dallas, a shoemaker, and Mary Hay. He grew up in Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, and worked at a coalmine after leaving elementary school before resuming his formal education at the ...

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Dash, Jack O'Brien (1907–1989), political activist and unofficial dockers' leader, was born on 23 April 1907 in Southwark, south London, the youngest of four sons of Joseph Thomas Dash, a stagehand, and his wife, Rose Gertrude Johns, an actor. According to Dash's own account, his upbringing was one of great material hardship. His mother died of tuberculosis when he was seven and his father, who then had an even greater struggle to support the family, also died of a lung complaint a few years later. After an elementary schooling, his skill at drawing led to a trial period with an engraving firm, but pressure to take home a better wage resulted in a series of menial jobs, starting in a ...

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Eaton, Peter (1914–1993), bookseller, was born Peter Eton at 8 York Gate, London, on 24 January 1914. His father is unknown, but his mother was (Elizabeth) Maria Eton, who later married George Papp and lived in Hungary. Peter was advertised in the Nursing Times...

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Etheridge, Richard Albert [Dick] (1909–1985), trade unionist, was born on 27 December 1909 in Halesowen, son of Alfred and Berthie, née Rudge. Shortly afterwards the family moved to Birmingham, where Alfred ran a café. Dick attended St Thomas's School and Handsworth Technical School...

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Gili, John Louis (1907–1998), bookseller, publisher, and Catalan scholar, was born Joan Lluís Gili i Serra on 10 February 1907 in Barcelona, the son of Lluís Gili Roig (1882–1957), bookseller and publisher, and his wife, Victoria Serra Sunyol. He was thus a scion of a publishing house founded by ...

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Sir George Dashwood Taubman Goldie (1846–1925) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1898 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Goldie, Sir George Dashwood Taubman (1846–1925), founder of the Royal Niger Company, was born at The Nunnery, Isle of Man, on 20 May 1846, the fourth and youngest son of Lieutenant-Colonel John Taubman Goldie-Taubman, of the Scots guards, speaker of the House of Keys...

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Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist, was born on 23 March 1816 in Coventry, the eldest of the three sons of Joseph Gutteridge, a recruiting sergeant, and his first wife, Sarah Shaw. Educated from 1821 in two schools, run by a Quaker woman and Wesleyan preacher respectively, he then went to ...

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Cyril Wheatley Maplethorpe (1898–1983) by Anna Zinkeisen Museum of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain

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Maplethorpe, Cyril Wheatley (1898–1983), pharmaceutical manufacturer, was born on 20 April 1898 at 68 Balfour Street, Drypool, Kingston upon Hull, the son of Jack Maplethorpe, a police constable, and his wife, Emeline Annie, née Vesiter. He was educated at Hymers College, Hull, where he held a scholarship, before going on to study pharmacy at ...

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McIntosh, Andrew Robert, Baron McIntosh of Haringey (1933–2010), market researcher and politician, was born on 30 April 1933 in the Royal Free Hospital, Hampstead, London, the elder of two children of Albert William McIntosh (1904–1994), then a clerk for a business consultant, and his wife, ...

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Harold Edward Monro (1879–1932) by unknown photographer, 1926 [at the Poetry Bookshop, 38 Great Russell Street, London] Taylor & Francis / Routledge; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Monro, Harold Edward (1879–1932), poet and bookseller, was born on 14 March 1879 at 137 chaussée de Charleroi, St Gilles, Brussels, the youngest of the three surviving children of Edward William Monro (1848–1889), civil engineer, and his wife and first cousin, Arabel Sophia (1849–1926)...

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Williams, David Morgan [known as Mogg] (1928–1997), miner and poet, was born on 15 February 1928 at 56 Pantyrawel Terrace, Black Mill, Llangeinor, in the Ogmore valley, Glamorgan, south Wales, the eldest of the twelve children of David Treharne Williams (d...