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Agnew, Sir Andrew (1882–1955), oil industrialist, was born on 28 February 1882 at 30 Roxburgh Street, Greenock, the son of Andrew Agnew, grocer, and his wife, Margaret. He was educated at Holmscroft School in Greenock. In 1912 he married Belle McKissock, daughter of ...

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Barran, Sir David Haven (1912–2002), oil industrialist, was born on 23 May 1912 at 51 Rutland Gate, Knightsbridge, London, the youngest of the four children (three sons and a daughter) of Sir John Nicholson Barran, second baronet (1872–1952) [see under Barran family...

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Beck, Simon Adams (1803–1883), gas industrialist and lawyer, was baptized at Condover, Shropshire, on 25 July 1803, the son of James Beck of Allesley Park, Warwickshire, and his wife, Sarah Coker. He trained as a lawyer and in 1829 married Sarah Ann, second daughter of ...

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Sir Eric Alfred Berthoud (1900–1989) by Elliott & Fry, 1952 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Berthoud, Sir Eric Alfred (1900–1989), oil industrialist and diplomatist, was born on 10 December 1900 in Kensington, London, the second son and third child in a family of four sons and two daughters of Alfred Edward Berthoud, of the private merchant bank Coulon, Berthoud & Co....

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Sir Maurice Richard Bridgeman (1904–1980) by Bassano, 1949 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bridgeman, Sir Maurice Richard (1904–1980), oil industrialist, was born at 13 Mansfield Street, Marylebone, London, on 26 January 1904, the third son of William Clive Bridgeman (1864–1935), a Conservative politician who was created Viscount Bridgeman in 1929, and his wife, Caroline Beatrix Bridgeman (1873–1961)...

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Cargill, David Sime (1826–1904), merchant and oil industrialist, was born at Maryton, near Montrose, on 9 April 1826, the fourth and youngest son of the nine children of James Cargill, farmer, and his wife, Helen Thomson. After a brief exposure to office life in ...

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Cargill, Sir John Traill, first baronet (1867–1954), merchant and oil industrialist, was born in Glasgow on 10 January 1867, the second of three sons (there were also two daughters) of David Sime Cargill (1826–1904) and his first wife, Margaret Traill (1840–1872). After attending ...

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Sir Robert Waley Cohen (1877–1952) by Bassano, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cohen, Sir Robert Waley (1877–1952), oil industrialist, was born in London on 8 September 1877, the second son of Nathaniel Louis Cohen, a leading figure in the City, and his wife, Julia Matilda Cohen (1853–1917), daughter of Jacob Waley (1818–1873). A sister of ...

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Deterding, Henri Wilhelm August (1866–1939), oil industrialist, was born in Amsterdam on 19 April 1866, the youngest but one of the five children of Philip Jacob Deterding, captain in the merchant navy, and his wife, Catherina Adolphina Geertruida Kayser. Deterding's father died at sea in 1870, leaving the family in financial straits. His education at the ...

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Fraser, William Milligan, first Baron Strathalmond (1888–1970), oil industrialist, was born on 3 November 1888 in Glasgow, the second of the eight children of William Milligan Fraser (1852–1915), who founded and became managing director of the Pumpherston Oil Company, and his wife, Janet Loch...

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Frederick Godber, Baron Godber (1888–1976) by Walter Bird © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Godber, Frederick, Baron Godber (1888–1976), petroleum executive, was born in London on 6 November 1888, the third son and youngest of the five children of Edward Godber, carpenter, of Camberwell, and his wife, Marion Louise Peach. He attended the local school and left at the age of fifteen, when he joined the ...

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Charles Greenway, first Baron Greenway (1857–1934) by Walter Stoneman, 1927 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Greenway, Charles, first Baron Greenway (1857–1934), oil industrialist and merchant, was born in Taunton on 13 June 1857, the only son of the three children of John David Greenway, a draper, and his wife, Lucy Emily Wiffen, of Essex. He was educated at ...

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Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian (1869–1955) by Charles Joseph Watelet, 1912 by courtesy of the Gulbenkian Museum, Lisbon

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Gulbenkian, Calouste Sarkis (1869–1955), oil industrialist and benefactor, was born in Scutari, adjacent to Constantinople, in Turkey, on 23 March 1869, one of three sons of Sarkis Gulbenkian (d. 1894), a trader in kerosene and a provincial banker. Although he respected his family, ...

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Hetherington, Sir Arthur Ford (1911–2002), engineer and businessman, was born on 12 July 1911 at 20 Hillside Gardens, Highgate, London, the second son and third child in the family of three sons and one daughter of Sir Roger Gaskell Hetherington (1876–1952), civil engineer, later chief engineering inspector for the ...