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Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

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Slingsby Bethel (bap. 1617, d. 1697) by William Sherwin, 1680 © Copyright The British Museum

Article

Bethel, Slingsby (bap. 1617, d. 1697), merchant and political economist, was baptized in Alne, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on 27 February 1617, a younger son of Sir Walter Bethel (d. 1622), gentleman, and Mary Slingsby (1582–1662), daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby...

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Decker, Sir Matthew, first baronet (1679–1749), political economist and merchant, was born in Amsterdam, the son of Derrick (Dirk) Decker, of Amsterdam, and his wife, Katherina. He received his commercial education under Burgomaster Velters of Amsterdam, but in 1702 travelled to London to establish himself as a merchant, and was naturalized in February 1704, at the second attempt. He then consolidated his business interests, and it was through trader and banker ...

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Hubbard, John Gellibrand, first Baron Addington (1805–1889), merchant and fiscal reformer, was born on 21 March 1805, the eldest son of John Hubbard (d. 1847), a Russia merchant of Stratford Grove, Essex, and his wife, Marian (d. 1851), daughter of John Morgan...

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Pollexfen, John (1636–1715), merchant and political economist, was the second son of Andrew Pollexfen of Stancombe Dawney, in the parish of Sherford, Devon, and his wife, Joan, daughter of John Woollcombe of Yealmpton. His relations with his elder brother, Sir Henry Pollexfen, were not always smooth because of resentment that his brother had inherited the entire family estate. ...

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Abel Roper (bap. 1665, d. 1726) by George White (after Hans Hysing) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Roper, Abel (bap. 1665, d. 1726), bookseller and political writer, was born at Atherstone, Warwickshire, the son of Isaac Roper, and was baptized at Mancetter on 13 September 1665. In 1677 he was adopted by his uncle, also Abel Roper, who from 1638 had published books at the ...