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Article

Bell, Henry (bap. 1647, d. 1711), architect and merchant, was baptized on 8 July 1647 in King's Lynn, Norfolk, the son of Henry Bell (d. 1686), mercer. He was educated at the local grammar school and then Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge...

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Bland, Horatio (1802?–1876), merchant and collector, was born in Newfoundland, probably in 1802, and baptized on 30 January 1804 at St Paul's Anglican Church, Trinity Bay, Newfoundland, the third of the five sons of John Bland, magistrate from 1790 of Bonavista, Newfoundland...

Article

Cook, Sir Francis, first baronet (1817–1901), merchant and art collector, was born at Clapham, Surrey, on 3 January 1817, the second son of the seven children of William Cook (1784–1869) of Roydon Hall, Kent, and his wife, Mary Ann (d. 1862), the daughter of ...

Article

Elers, John Philip (1664–1738), potter and merchant, was born in Utrecht on 7 September 1664, the son of Martin Elers (b. 1621). His mother was a daughter of Daniel van Mildred. He had a brother, David (1656–1742), and a sister, Sarah, who married ...

Article

Harrison, Peter (1716–1775), merchant and architect, was born on 14 June 1716 in or near York, the last of four children of Thomas Harrison (1670–1737), a Quaker, and his wife, Elizabeth Dennyson (1683–1753), of York. Although no record has been found of formal architectural training, ...

Article

Hull, John (1624–1683), goldsmith and merchant in America, was born in 1624, about 18 December according to his later diary, in Market Harborough, Leicestershire, the son of Robert Hull (d. 1666), blacksmith, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1646), the widow of ...

Article

Jacobsen, Theodore (d. 1772), architect and merchant, the son of the merchant Sir Jacob Jacobsen (fl. c.1660–c.1700), of north German origin, was born in London. Here his family had been closely involved since at least the 1660s with the running of the ...

Article

Lulls, Arnold [formerly Arnout] (fl. 1584–1642), merchant and jeweller, was born in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands. Members of the Lulls family had lived in England since the 1550s, but Arnold himself arrived some time between 1580 and 1584, when he became a member of the Dutch church, ...

Image

Hollingworth Magniac (1786–1867) by unknown artist HSBC Holdings plc

Article

Charles Sebag-Montefiore

revised by Richard J. Grace

Magniac, Hollingworth (1786–1867), merchant and connoisseur of medieval art, was born in Kensington, London, on 15 April 1786, the fourth son and seventh child in a family of eight sons and three daughters of Colonel Francis Magniac (d. 1823) of Kensington and ...

Article

Morrison, James (1789–1857), merchant, politician, and art collector, was born at Middle Wallop, Hampshire, the second son of Joseph Morrison, innkeeper, and his wife, Sarah Barnard, of Shapwick in Somerset. One brother and two sisters reached maturity. Orphaned at the age of fourteen, he pursued an obscure career until his employment as shopman by ...

Article

L. H. Cust

revised by Douglas Fordham

Nixon, John Colley (bap. 1755, d. 1818), merchant and artist, was the son of Robert Nixon (d. 1794), a successful Irish merchant working in Uphall and Tokenhouse, London, and his wife, Lucretia, née Wilson (bap. 1728). Details from his childhood remain obscure. In his memoirs ...

Article

Spode, Josiah (1755–1827), potter and merchant, was born on 8 May 1755 at Stoke-on-Trent, the son of Josiah Spode (1733–1797), founder of the Spode pottery factory there, and Ellen, née Finley (1726–1802). He was trained in the art of ceramic manufacture by his father and entered the family firm. On 9 July 1775 he married ...

Image

Josiah Spode (1755–1827) by unknown artist, c. 1785–90 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stewart, James Hope (1789–1856), factor and natural history illustrator, was born at Hillside, Dryfesdale, Dumfriesshire, on 2 August 1789, the son of William Stewart of Hillhead (1743/4–1822) and Margaret Graham (c.1767/8–1853), daughter of George Graham of Shaw. About 1816 Stewart married ...

Article

Tildesley, Christopher (fl. 1384–1414), goldsmith, was probably born in the 1360s, but his birth date and family are unknown. He is first recorded in 1384, when he was apprenticed to a London goldsmith, John Grenefeld, on payment of 2s. to the Goldsmiths' Company...