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Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Peter Le Fevre

Barker, John (c. 1600–1653), naval officer and shipmaster, was possibly related to the John Barker of Ratcliffe, Middlesex, shipmaster and captain of the Golden Cock who in 1629, aged forty-five, appeared before the admiralty court in connection with illegally seizing, and selling, a ship belonging to the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew C. F. David

Clerke, Charles (1743–1779), naval officer and circumnavigator, was born in Weatherfield, Essex, the son of Joseph Clerke, a farmer. He had a brother, Sir John Clerke, and a sister who married Paul Henry Maty. He entered the navy in 1755 as captain's servant and midshipman in the ...

Article

Gore, John (1729/30?–1790), circumnavigator and naval officer, was reputedly born in Virginia, and was presumably already an experienced seaman when, on 25 August 1755, he joined the Windsor (60 guns) at Portsmouth, and was rated midshipman. He was discharged to sick quarters in ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Jones, George Matthew (c. 1785–1831), naval officer and traveller, was the son of John Jones, general superintendent of Landguard Fort, Felixstowe, and his wife, Mary, née Roberts; General Sir John Thomas Jones, first baronet, and Lieutenant-General Sir Harry David Jones were his brothers. On 28 April 1802 he was promoted lieutenant in the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Mangles, James (1786–1867), naval officer and traveller, entered the navy in March 1800, on the frigate Maidstone with Captain Ross Donnelly, whom in 1801 he followed to the Narcissus. After active service on the coast of France, at the capture of the Cape of Good Hope...

Article

McClintock, Sir (Francis) Leopold (1819–1907), naval officer and Arctic explorer, born at Dundalk, co. Louth, on 8 July 1819, was the eldest son of Henry McClintock, formerly of the 3rd dragoon guards, customs collector of Dundalk, and his wife, Elizabeth Melesina, daughter of the ...

Image

Sir (Francis) Leopold McClintock (1819–1907) by Stephen Pearce, 1859 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Plunkett, Thomas (b. c. 1612, d. in or before 1654), naval officer and privateer, was born in Ireland, although no evidence survives of his parents or family background. Details of his married life and early career are also sparse. His wife (possibly called ...

Article

Rich, Robert, second earl of Warwick (1587–1658), colonial promoter and naval officer, was born in May or June 1587, probably at Leighs Priory, Essex, the eldest son of Robert Rich, third Baron Rich and later first earl of Warwick (1559?–1619), courtier and privateer, and his first wife, ...

Image

Robert Rich, second earl of Warwick (1587–1658) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, c. 1634 The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Jules Bache Collection, 1949. (49.7.26) Photograph © 1998 The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Article

Rous, John (1702–1760), privateer and naval officer, was born on 21 May 1702 at Charlestown, Middlesex, Massachusetts, the son of William Rouse (Rows) and Mary, née Peachie. He was notable among Massachusetts privateers in the war of 1739–48, and for his connections to a quite remarkable cross-section of society in both ...

Article

Saltonstall, Charles (bap. 1607, d. 1665), naval officer and teacher of navigation, was baptized on 27 January 1607 at St Dunstan-in-the-East, Middlesex, the third of five children of Sir Samuel Saltonstall (d. 1640). In November 1627 Saltonstall was the owner, sole merchant, and captain of a merchant ship which arrived at ...

Article

Wallis, Samuel (1728–1795), naval officer and Pacific explorer, the son of John Wallis (1680–1768) and Sarah Barrett (d. 1731), was born in April 1728 at Fentonwoon, Cornwall, and baptized on 23 April 1728 at Lanteglos. He served in the navy as midshipman and master's mate before receiving his lieutenant's commission in October 1748. After serving as lieutenant on several ships from 1753 onwards, he received his first command, the sloop ...

Image

Samuel Wallis (1728–1795) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London