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Adamson, Henry (bap. 1581, d. 1637), poet and historian, was baptized in Perth on 11 November 1581, the son of the merchant James Adamson (d. after 1617), who served as dean of guild in 1600 and provost between 1609 and 1612, and ...

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Alger, John Goldworth (bap. 1836, d. 1907), journalist and historian, born at Diss, Norfolk, and baptized on 7 August 1836, was the only son of John Alger, a corn merchant of that town, and his wife, Jemima, daughter of Salem Goldworth, yeoman, of ...

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T. W. Bayne

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Allardyce, Alexander (1846–1896), journalist and historian, son of James Allardyce, farmer, was born on 21 January 1846 at Tillyminit, Gartly, in the parish of Rhynie, Aberdeenshire. He received his first lessons in Latin from his maternal grandmother and was then educated at Rhynie parish school...

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Amphlett, John (1845–1918), historian and diarist, was born at Sydenham, Kent, on 22 March 1845, the eldest of the three children of John Amphlett (1839–1868) of Clent and his wife, Jane (1812–1888), daughter of Robert Smithson of Skipwith, Yorkshire. John Amphlett was seventh in nine successive generations of ...

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André [Andreas], Bernard (c. 1450–1522), poet and historian, was a Frenchman by birth, being a native of Toulouse, but came to England together with, or shortly before, Henry VII, whose panegyrist and historiographer he became. He is described by a contemporary as of distinguished birth, and he had entered the ...

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Aston, Trevor Henry (1925–1985), historian and editor, was born at 24 Gowan Avenue, Fulham, London, on 14 June 1925, the first child of Oliver John Aston (1899–1969), an ironmonger's assistant, and his wife, Florence May Woods (1900–1986). Soon after the birth of Trevor's...

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Edward Baines (1774–1848) by John Cochran, pubd 1834 (after Thomas Hargreaves) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baines, Edward (1774–1848), newspaper proprietor, politician, and historian, was born at Walton-le-Dale, near Preston, Lancashire, on 5 February 1774, the second son of Richard Baines (d. 1811) and his wife, Jane (née Chew). Richard Baines, who was born near Ripon and came from a farming family, had moved to ...

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Ball, Francis Elrington (1863–1928), author and historian, born on 18 July 1863 at Portmarnock, co. Dublin, was the third son of John Thomas Ball (1815–1898), lord chancellor of Ireland from 1875 to 1880, and his wife, Catherine (d. 1887), daughter of the ...

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Barbour, John (c. 1330–1395), ecclesiastic and verse historian, was author of the Old or Middle Scots poem The Bruce. His birth is usually placed about 1325, as much to give him a toehold in Robert I's reign as for anything his career tells us, and a slightly later date seems likelier. The trade name he inherited suggests that his father was a barber, and ...

Article

A. H. Bullen

revised by M. O. Grenby

Bisset, Robert (1758/9–1805), historian and novelist, was one of the leading anti-Jacobin writers during the era of the French Revolution. Little is known of his life beyond his published works. His first production, appearing in 1793–4 (with a second edition in 1799), was a new edition of ...

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Buchan, Peter (1790–1854), folk-song collector, historian, and publisher, was born on 4 August 1790 at Peterhead, Aberdeenshire, the only son of Peter Buchan, a ships' pilot from Peterhead, and his wife, Janet Buchan of St Fergus, Aberdeenshire. On 20 June 1813 he married ...

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George Buchanan (1506–1582) after Arnold Bronckorst, 1581 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Buchanan, George (1506–1582), poet, historian, and administrator, was born about 1 February 1506 at a farm called The Moss in Killearn parish, Stirlingshire, the fifth of eight children of Thomas Buchanan (d. c.1512) and Agnes Heriot, traditionally said to be of the ...

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George Earle Buckle (1854–1935) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Buckle, George Earle (1854–1935), newspaper editor and historian, was born at Twerton, near Bath, on 10 June 1854, the eldest of the four sons of George Buckle, successively fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, vicar of Twerton, rector of Weston-super-Mare, and canon and precentor of ...

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Calder, Angus Lindsay Ritchie (1942–2008), historian and literary critic, was born at Cedar Court Nursing Home, Sutton, Surrey, on 5 February 1942, the second son and third of the five children of Peter Ritchie Calder, later Baron Ritchie-Calder (1906–1982), journalist and author, and his wife, ...

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Thomas Carlyle (1795–1881) by George Frederic Watts, 1868 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carlyle, Thomas (1795–1881), author, biographer, and historian, was born on 4 December 1795 in the Arched House, Ecclefechan, Annandale, Dumfriesshire. He was the eldest son of James Carlyle (1757–1832), a hard-working stonemason whose father, Thomas (1722–1806), the husband of Mary Gillespie (1727–1797), had been a carpenter and tenant farmer; beyond that, the ...

Article

Clapham, John (1566–1619), historian and poet, the son of Luke Clapham, who had left his home parish of Firby, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, for Cambridge in 1559, was born in London. Clapham does not appear to have attended either university, but entered the service of ...