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Axon, William Edward Armytage (1846–1913), librarian and antiquary, was born on 13 January 1846, at 12 Honduras Street, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester. He was the illegitimate son of Edward Armytage, clothing manufacturer, and Lydia Whitehead, a servant girl in his household, aged fifteen. Lydia Whitehead...

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Samuel Ayscough (1745–1804) by James Basire, pubd 1804 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ayscough, Samuel (1745–1804), librarian and antiquary, was born in Nottingham and baptized at St Peter's, Nottingham, on 29 November 1745, the only son of George Ayscough (1721/2–1783), printer, and his second wife, Edith Wigley. His grandfather, William Ayscough, was a stationer and printer in ...

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Clay, Sir Charles Travis (1885–1978), antiquary and librarian, was born on 30 July 1885 at Rastrick House, near Halifax, Yorkshire, the younger son (there were no daughters) of John William Clay (d. 1918), historian and genealogist, and his wife, Alice, daughter of ...

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Ducarel, Andrew Coltée (1713–1785), librarian and antiquary, was born on 9 June 1713 in Paris, the eldest of three sons of Jacques Coltée Ducarel (1680–1718), banker, merchant, and sieur de Muids, and his wife, Jeanne Crommelin (1690–1723), daughter of André Crommelin and his wife, ...

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Andrew Coltée Ducarel (1713–1785) by Francis Perry, pubd 1757 (after Andrea Soldi, 1746) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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A. J. K. Esdaile

revised by Marc Brodie

Gilson, Julius Parnell (1868–1929), librarian and palaeographer, was born at Worksop, Nottinghamshire, on 23 June 1868, the younger son of Henry Robert Gilson, of Worksop, and his wife, Mary Anne, daughter of George Quilter, vicar of Canwick, near Lincoln. He was educated at ...

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Herbert, William [formerly William Herbert Wilderspin] (1772–1851), antiquary and librarian, was born William Herbert Wilderspin on 18 May 1772 at Worship Street, Curtain Road, Shoreditch, London, the only son of John Wilderspin (c.1717–1781), clockmaker and smith, and his third wife, ...

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David Laing (1793–1878) by Sir William Fettes Douglas, 1862 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Laing, David (1793–1878), antiquary and librarian, was born in North St David Street, Edinburgh, on or shortly after 20 April 1793, the second son of William Laing (1764–1832) and Helen Kirk (1767–1837). His father, by profession a publisher and bookseller specializing in secondhand, antiquarian, and foreign literature, was ultimately to have twelve children, nine of whom, four sons and five daughters, survived until adulthood. ...

Article

W. A. J. Archbold

revised by N. Wilkins

Lewis, Samuel Savage (1836–1891), librarian and antiquary, was born at Spital Square, London, on 13 July 1836. His father, William Jonas Lewis, youngest son of George Lewis (1763–1822), was a surgeon, and his mother, Elizabeth Bunnell, was descended from Philip Henry (1631–1696). Bunnel Lewis...

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Mackerell, Benjamin (bap. 1685, d. 1738), antiquary and librarian, was baptized on 15 April 1685 at St Peter Mancroft, Norwich, the youngest son of Alderman John Mackerell (1643–1723), mercer, and Anne Browne (1646–1711), daughter of Elias Browne. His father's family were of Huguenot stock, and ...

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Sir Frederic Madden (1801–1873) by Richard Cockle Lucas, 1849 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Madden, Sir Frederic (1801–1873), palaeographer and librarian, was born at 31 St Thomas's Street, Portsmouth, on 16 February 1801, the eleventh of the thirteen children of Captain William John Madden (1757–1833), Royal Marines, and Sarah Carter Madden (1759–1833), daughter of the Revd Arnold Carter...

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Madden, Frederic William (1839–1904), numismatist and librarian, was born on 9 April 1839 at the British Museum, the eldest of the six children of Sir Frederic Madden (1801–1873), antiquary and palaeographer, and his second wife, Emily Sarah (1813–1873), daughter of Dr William Robinson (1777–1848)...

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Marsh, John Fitchett (1818–1880), promoter of municipal libraries and antiquary, was the son of a solicitor of Wigan, Lancashire, John Marsh, and his wife, Ann. He was born at Wigan on 24 October 1818, and was educated at Warrington grammar school under the ...

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G. Le G. Norgate

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Nicholls, James Fawckner (1818–1883), antiquary and librarian, of Cornish ancestry, was born on 26 May 1818 at Sidmouth, Devon. His father was a builder at Sidmouth, and his mother a daughter of Captain James Fawkner of Plymouth. In 1830 he went to sea with an uncle. Two years later he was sent to school at ...

Article

See Skeat, Walter William

Article

Thompson, Sir Edward Maunde (1840–1929), palaeographer and librarian, was born on 4 May 1840 at Clarendon, Jamaica, the eldest son of Edward Thompson, custos of Clarendon, and Elizabeth Hayhurst, daughter of Samuel Poole, of Clarendon. He was educated at Rugby School (1854–9) and was admitted to ...

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Sir Edward Maunde Thompson (1840–1929) by Bassano, 1899 © National Portrait Gallery, London