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Adams, William (1706–1789), Church of England clergyman and college head, was born at Shrewsbury on 17 August 1706, the son of John Adams, mayor of Shrewsbury in 1726, and his wife, Elizabeth Jorden. Adams entered Pembroke College, Oxford, on 6 August 1720, graduated MA in 1727, became fellow of his college and, in 1734, tutor in place of ...

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See Authorized Version of the Bible, translators of the

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Alington, Cyril Argentine (1872–1955), headmaster and dean of Durham, was born in Ipswich, Suffolk, on 22 October 1872, the second son of the Revd Henry Giles Alington (1837–1928), an inspector of schools, and his wife, Jane Margaret Booth (d. 1910). In 1886 he went with classical scholarships to ...

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Allibond, Peter (1559/60–1629), Church of England clergyman and translator, was born at Wardington, Oxfordshire, where his family had lived for many generations; his parents' names are not known. He became a student at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, in 1578 (according to Anthony Wood): he matriculated from there, aged twenty, on 15 April 1580, graduated BA on 21 February 1582, and proceeded MA on 6 July 1585. After some years spent in foreign travel, he was ordained. In 1592 ...

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Argall, John (b. in or before 1545, d. 1606), Church of England clergyman and logician, was born in London, the third son of Thomas Argall (1499/1500–1563), ecclesiastical official, and of Margaret (d. 1592), daughter of John Tallakarne or Talkerne of Cornwall. Near the end of ...

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Argentine [formerly Sexton], Richard (1510/11–1568), schoolmaster and Church of England clergyman, entered Winchester College, as Richard Sexton, of Milton, Dorset, in 1524, aged thirteen. A fellow of New College for ten years from 1528, he proceeded BA in 1532 and MA in 1536. At ...

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Arkisden, Thomas (1608/9–1682), Church of England clergyman and writer of shorthand, was probably born in Essex or Suffolk, one, probably the elder, of the two children of Thomas Arkisden, a minor landowner, and his wife, Francis, née Durrant. After his father's death, his guardian was his '...

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Ashby, George (1724–1808), antiquary and Church of England clergyman, was born in Red Lion Street, Clerkenwell, London, on 5 December 1724, the son of Edmund Ashby (1690–1775), merchant tailor, and his wife, Elizabeth Judith, daughter of Robert Lock of Dinton, Wiltshire. He was educated at ...

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Ashwell, Arthur Rawson (1824–1879), Church of England clergyman and college head, was born at Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, on 9 December 1824, the son of James Ashwell, civil engineer and resident director of the Luxembourg Railway, and his wife, Susan, née Rawson. In 1843 he entered ...

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Baker, John (1677/8–1745), Church of England clergyman and college administrator, was born in Burley, Rutland, the son of John Baker. He was admitted to Westminster School, on the foundation, in 1691, and thence elected to Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1695, aged seventeen. Having matriculated in 1696 he graduated BA in 1699 and proceeded MA (1702), BD (1709), and DD ...

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Baker, Thomas (1656–1740), nonjuring Church of England clergyman and antiquary, was born at Crook Hall, Lanchester, co. Durham, on 14 September 1656, the second of the six children of George Baker (d. 1677), of Crook, and his wife, Margaret Forster, of Edderstone...

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Balguy, John (1686–1748), Church of England clergyman and moral philosopher, was born on 12 August 1686 at Sheffield, son of Thomas Balguy (c.1643–1696), master of the Sheffield Free School for over 30 years, and his wife, Sara Hathornwhite, whom he had married on 8 June 1682. He studied under his father, his father's successor (...

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Bancroft, Thomas (1756–1811), Church of England clergyman and schoolmaster, was born in Deansgate, Manchester, son of Thomas Bancroft, a thread maker. He was educated at Manchester grammar school from the age of six and at Brasenose College, Oxford, whence he matriculated on 8 April 1778, aged twenty-two. He graduated BA in 1781 and was awarded his MA in 1784. After leaving ...

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Barclay, James (fl. 1763–1774), Church of England clergyman and lexicographer, was for many years a curate at All Saints' Church, Edmonton, Middlesex, and a teacher at schools in Goodman's Fields and Tottenham. In 1763 he published What is Meant by Coming to Christ...

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Barford, William (bap. 1719, d. 1792), Church of England clergyman and classical scholar, was the son of the Revd Thomas Barford (d. 1765), rector of Chalbury, Dorset, where he was baptized on 2 September 1719. He was educated at Eton College (1730–38), and was a scholar at ...

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Bargrave, John (bap. 1610, d. 1680), Church of England clergyman and collector of curiosities, was baptized at Nonington, Kent, on 18 November 1610. His father, also named John, was the elder brother of Isaac Bargrave and had increased the family fortune derived from tanneries in ...

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Baro, Peter (1534–1599), Reformed minister and religious controversialist, was born at Étampes (Seine-et-Oise), France, the son of Étienne Baron and his wife, Philippe Petit; in his autobiographical notes Peter says he was one of many children, first mentioning brothers Jean and Florent, so he was perhaps the third to survive. The family is believed to have belonged to the rich ...

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Barrett, Stephen (bap. 1719, d. 1801), schoolmaster and Church of England clergyman, was born at Bent, in the parish of Kildwick in Craven, Yorkshire, and was baptized there on 14 May 1719, the son of Peter Barrett of Sutton, Yorkshire, and his wife, ...

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Ralph Bathurst (1619/2020–1704) by David Loggan © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bathurst, Ralph (1619/20–1704), dean of Wells and college head, was born at Hothorpe, Northamptonshire, the fifth of thirteen sons and four daughters of George Bathurst (c.1579–1656) and his wife, Elizabeth Villiers. He was educated at Coventry Free School, and matriculated at ...