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Abrams, Mark Alexander [formerly Max Alexander Abramowitz] (1906–1994), social scientist, was born at 57 Balfour Road, Edmonton, London, on 27 April 1906, one of eight children born to Abraham (Abram) Abramowitz, also known as Abramovich or Abrams, and his wife, Annie (Hannah), ...

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Acworth, Angus Whiteford (1898–1981), financier and conservationist, was born on 20 October 1898 at Braeside, Shoot Up Hill, Cricklewood, London, the only son and second of the four children of Joseph John Acworth (1853–1927), businessman, and his wife, Marion Whiteford, née Stevenson (1870–1964)...

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Alexander, George William (1802–1890), banker and philanthropist, was born on 25 April 1802 in Bunhill Row, London, the first of nine children, eight of whom survived to maturity, of William Alexander (1769–1819), bill broker, and his wife, Ann Alexander, née Barber (1774/5–1861), of ...

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Thomas Richard Allinson (1858–1918) by Ray, pubd 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Ellen (formerly Sims). He left school at fifteen and, aiming to be a doctor, he subsidized his studies by becoming a chemist's assistant. In 1879 he graduated LRCP (...

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Bancroft, Francis (1667–1728), financial agent and benefactor, was born in Spitalfields, London, on 26 October 1667, the second son of John Bancroft (bap. 1614, d. 1705), a City financier who became serjeant-carver to the lord mayor, and his second wife, Rebecka Cole (...

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Barrington, John (1764–1824), businessman and philanthropist, was born on 9 October 1764 in Dublin, the first of three children of John Barrington (1723–1784) and his second wife, Mary Anne (fl. 1763–1789), daughter of William Plummer of Enniscorthy, co. Wexford. He was brought up in the Quaker faith to which the ...

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Barrington, Sir Vincent Hunter Barrington Kennett- (1844–1903), humanitarian worker and businessman, was born on 3 September 1844 at Bagna di Lucca, Italy, the eldest son of Vincent Frederick Kennett (b. 1799), a retired captain of the East India Company army, and his wife, ...

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Barron, Sir Donald James (1921–2015), businessman, philanthropist, and public servant, was born on 17 March 1921 at Lindores, Gorebridge, Midlothian, the only son of Albert Gibson Barron (1885–1938), actuary, and his wife, Elizabeth Annie Gray, née Macdonald (d. 1966), schoolteacher. His childhood was spent at ...

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Beales, Hugh Lancelot (1889–1988), economist and social historian, born at Sedbergh, Yorkshire, on 18 February 1889, was the son of William Beales, a Wesleyan Methodist minister, and his wife, Zaida Mary Ann Elizabeth Scantlebury Green. He grew up in a radical political household. He was sent to the ...

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Beer, (Anthony) Stafford (1926–2002), management cybernetician, was born on 25 September 1926 at 48 Fernhurst Road, Fulham, London, the elder son of William John Beer (1900–1976), statistician and clerk for Lloyds Register of Shipping, and his wife, Doris Ethel, née Rose (1900–1993). He was educated at ...

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Sir Otto John Beit, first baronet (1865–1930) by H. Walter Barnett © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beit, Sir Otto John, first baronet (1865–1930), financier, philanthropist, and art connoisseur, was born on 7 December 1865 in Hamburg, Germany, twelve years after his brother Alfred Beit. He was the third son of Siegfried Beit (1818–1881), silk merchant, and his wife, Laura Caroline Hahn (...

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Antonin Besse (1877–1951) by unknown photographer courtesy of St Antony's College, Oxford

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Besse, Antonin (1877–1951), entrepreneur and benefactor, was born on 26 June 1877 at Carcassonne in southern France, the third son and fourth child in the family of four boys and three girls of Pierre Besse, leather merchant, and his wife, Marie Bonnafous. In failing health ...

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William Henry Beveridge, Baron Beveridge (1879–1963) by Helen Muspratt, 1938 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beveridge, William Henry, Baron Beveridge (1879–1963), social reformer and economist, was born at Rangpur in Bengal on 5 March 1879.

Beveridge was the second child and elder son of ...

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Leopold Bernhard Bonn (1850–1929) by Lienhard & Salzborn Royal National Institute for the Deaf

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Bonn, Leopold Bernhard (1850–1929), banker and philanthropist, was born on 3 August 1850 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, the ninth child of Baruch Bonn, a prominent Jewish banker. He was privately educated. After the annexation of Frankfurt by Prussia in 1866, Bonn applied for denaturalization and moved to ...

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See Burton, Sir Montague Maurice [formerly Meshe David Osinsky]