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Thomas Richard Allinson (1858–1918) by Ray, pubd 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Ellen (formerly Sims). He left school at fifteen and, aiming to be a doctor, he subsidized his studies by becoming a chemist's assistant. In 1879 he graduated LRCP (...

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Bancroft, Francis (1667–1728), financial agent and benefactor, was born in Spitalfields, London, on 26 October 1667, the second son of John Bancroft (bap. 1614, d. 1705), a City financier who became serjeant-carver to the lord mayor, and his second wife, Rebecka Cole (...

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Barrington, Sir Vincent Hunter Barrington Kennett- (1844–1903), humanitarian worker and businessman, was born on 3 September 1844 at Bagna di Lucca, Italy, the eldest son of Vincent Frederick Kennett (b. 1799), a retired captain of the East India Company army, and his wife, ...

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Leopold Bernhard Bonn (1850–1929) by Lienhard & Salzborn Royal National Institute for the Deaf

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Bonn, Leopold Bernhard (1850–1929), banker and philanthropist, was born on 3 August 1850 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, the ninth child of Baruch Bonn, a prominent Jewish banker. He was privately educated. After the annexation of Frankfurt by Prussia in 1866, Bonn applied for denaturalization and moved to ...

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Chetham, Humphrey (bap. 1580, d. 1653), financier and philanthropist, the sixth child of Henry Chetham (c.1540–1603) of Crumpsall Hall, near Manchester, and his wife, Jane (c.1542–1616), the daughter of Robert Wroe of Heaton, was born at Crumpsall Hall, and baptized at ...

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Cole, Cecil Jackson- (1901–1979), businessman and charity founder, was born on 1 November 1901 at 27 Knox Road, Forest Gate, London, the elder child and only son (there was another son from a later marriage) of Albert Edward Cole, a dealer in new and secondhand furniture, and his wife (who was also his cousin), ...

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Eden, Sir Frederick Morton, second baronet (1766–1809), insurance company manager and writer on the state of the poor, was born at Ashtead, Surrey, the eldest son of Sir Robert Eden (created a baronet in 1776), governor of Maryland, and grandson of Sir Robert Eden, ...

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Forbes, Sir William, of Pitsligo, sixth baronet (1739–1806), banker and benefactor, was born on 5 April 1739 at Edinburgh, the eldest surviving son of Sir William Forbes, fifth baronet (1706/7–1743), advocate, and Christian Forbes (1705–1789), daughter of John Forbes and Susan, née Morison...

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Henry Hoare (1677–1725) by Michael Dahl Stourhead, The Hoare Collection (The National Trust). Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Hoare, Henry (1677–1725), banker and philanthropist, familiarly known as Good Henry by reason of his philanthropy, was born on 21 July 1677 in the parish of St Vedast-alias-Foster in the City of London, and baptized there. He was the second surviving son of ...

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John Atkinson Hobson (1858–1940) by unknown photographer British Library of Political and Economic Science

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Hobson, John Atkinson (1858–1940), social theorist and economist, was born on 6 July 1858 at Iron Gate, Derby, the second son of William Hobson (1825–1897), founder, editor, and part proprietor of the Derbyshire Advertiser and twice mayor of Derby, and his wife, Josephine Atkinson...

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Howlett, John (1731–1804), economist and writer on the poor, was the son of John Howlett of Bedworth, Warwickshire. Educated at the University of Oxford, he matriculated from St Edmund Hall in 1749, gaining his BA from St John's College in 1755. He later obtained the degrees MA (1795) and BD (1796) from ...

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Laing, Hector, Baron Laing of Dunphail (1923–2010), businessman and philanthropist, was born on 12 May 1923 at 20 Braid Avenue, Edinburgh, the son of Hector Laing, businessman, and his wife, Margaret Norris, née Grant. He was born into a wealthy family, the fortunes of which came from the success of his maternal grandfather, ...

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Manton, Sir Edwin Alfred Grenville (1909–2005), insurance underwriter, art collector, and philanthropist, was born on 22 January 1909 at Burrows Road, Earls Colne, Essex, the eldest of three children of John Horace Manton, bank clerk, later bank manager, and his wife, Emily Clara, ...

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Monson, Sir John, second baronet (1599–1683), politician and financier of fen drainage, was born in St Sepulchre, London, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Monson, first baronet (1563/4–1641), of South Carlton in Lincolnshire, and his wife, Margaret (1569–1630), daughter of Sir Edmund Anderson...

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Moore, George (1806–1876), philanthropist and businessman, was born on 9 April 1806 at Mealsgate, a farm of about 60 acres in Cumberland, the third of the five children of John Moore, statesman, and his wife, Peggy Lowes. His life, as memorialized by Samuel Smiles...

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Morrison, Walter (1836–1921), businessman, politician, and benefactor, was born in London on 21 May 1836, the fifth son of James Morrison (1789–1857), of the firm of Morrison, Dillon, & Co., and his wife, Mary (d. 1887), daughter of John Todd, of the same firm. ...