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Aglionby, William (1641–1705), diplomat and writer on art, was born in the summer of 1641, the second son of George Aglionby (d. 1643), who died shortly after being appointed dean of Canterbury by Charles I, and his wife, Sibilla Smith. George had previously been employed by the ...

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Bodkin, Thomas Patrick (1887–1961), museum director and art critic, was born in Dublin on 21 July 1887, the eldest of the family of two sons and four daughters of Matthias McDonnell Bodkin, a journalist who was later county court judge of Clare and MP for ...

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Baynbrigg Buckeridge (1667/88–1733) by Michael Dahl, 1696 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Buckeridge, Baynbrigg (1667/8–1733), writer on art, was the eldest of five children (two sons and three daughters) of Nicholas Buckeridge (b. c.1625, d. c.1690) of Northaw, Hertfordshire, and St Christopher-le-Stocks, London, and his wife, Sarah, née Baynbrigg, of St Giles-in-the-Fields, London...

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Cumberland, George (1754–1848), writer on art and watercolour painter, was born in London on 27 November 1754, the younger son of the four children of George Cumberland (d. 1771) and his wife, Elizabeth Balchen. In 1769 he became a clerk in the ...

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Daintrey, Adrian Maurice (1902–1988), artist and art critic, was born on 23 June 1902 at Foulsa Road, Balham, London, the youngest of the three children of Ernest Daintrey, solicitor, and his wife, Lucy Mary Blagdon. His talent for drawing was the only distinction to emerge from his schooldays at ...

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Dunphie, Charles James [pseuds. Melopoyn, Rambler] (1820–1908), art critic and writer, was born at Rathdowney House, Rathdowney, Queen's county, Ireland, on 4 November 1820, the elder son of Michael Dunphy, merchant, and his wife, Kate Woodroffe. Dunphie was admitted to Trinity College, Dublin...

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Gordon Goodwin

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Eagles, John (1783–1855), art critic and poet, was born in Bristol and baptized there on 8 November 1783 in the parish of St Augustine, the second of the two children, and only son, of Thomas Eagles (bap. 1746, d. 1812), merchant and classical scholar, and his wife, ...

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Roger Eliot Fry (1866–1934) self-portrait, 1930-34 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fry, Roger Eliot (1866–1934), art historian, critic, and painter, was born on 14 December 1866 at 6 The Grove, Highgate, Middlesex, the fifth of the nine children of Sir Edward Fry (1827–1918), judge, and his wife, Mariabella (1833–1930), daughter of John Hodgkin and his wife, ...

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Fuller, Peter Michael (1947–1990), art critic and magazine editor, was born on 31 August 1947 in Damascus, the second child and elder son in the family of two sons and a daughter of Harold William Charles Fuller, general medical practitioner, and his wife, ...

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William Gilpin (1724–1804) by Henry Walton, 1781 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gilpin, William (1724–1804), writer on art and headmaster, was born on 4 June 1724 at Scaleby Castle, near Carlisle, Cumberland, and baptized on 7 June, the son of Captain John Bernard Gilpin (1701–1776) and Matilda Langstaffe (1703–1773). His father was considered one of the best amateur painters of the time and included among his pupils ...

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J. L. Caw

revised by Nicola Kalinsky

Gray, John Miller (1850–1894), writer on art and curator, was born on 19 July 1850 at 2 Craigie Terrace, Edinburgh, his mother, Jane, née Miller, dying at his birth. His father, John Gray (d. 1871), had retired from business as a shawl manufacturer but was ruined by the failure of the ...

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Heaphy, Thomas Frank (1813–1873), painter and writer on art, was born at St John's Wood, London, on 2 April 1813, the eldest son of the six children of the watercolourist Thomas Heaphy (1775–1835) and his wife, Mary Stevenson (d. after 1820). Charles Heaphy (1820?–1881)...

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James, John Thomas (1786–1828), bishop of Calcutta and writer on art, was born on 23 January 1786 at Rugby, Warwickshire, the eldest son of Dr Thomas James (1748–1804), headmaster of Rugby School, and his second wife, Arabella Caldecott (d. 1828). He was educated at ...

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Junius [Du Jon], Franciscus [Francis] (1591–1677), philologist and writer on art, was born at Heidelberg, Germany, on 29 January 1591, the youngest of the five children of Franciscus Junius (or Du Jon; 1545–1602), a French nobleman and protestant theologian, and his third wife, ...

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Alexander William Crawford Lindsay, twenty-fifth earl of Crawford and eighth earl of Balcarres (1812–1880) by Camille Silvy, 1863 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lindsay, Alexander William Crawford, twenty-fifth earl of Crawford and eighth earl of Balcarres (1812–1880), book collector and writer on art, was born at Muncaster Castle, Cumberland, on 16 October 1812. He was the eldest son of James Lindsay, twenty-fourth earl of Crawford and seventh earl of Balcarres...

Article

A. F. Pollard

revised by Suzanne Fagence Cooper

Merritt, Henry (1822–1877), picture conservator and art critic, was born in Oxford on 8 June 1822, the son of Joseph Merritt, a tailor. The fifth of nine children, his early years were passed in considerable poverty. His mother encouraged his education at an infant school, and, from the age of eleven, at the ...