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Article

G. Temple

revised by Anita McConnell

Bairstow, Sir Leonard (1880–1963), aeronautical engineer, was born on 25 June 1880 at Halifax in Yorkshire, the son of Uriah Bairstow, a commercial clerk, and his wife, Elizabeth Lister. He attended schools in Halifax, from where he went, in 1898, on a scholarship to the ...

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Blackburn, Robert (1885–1955), aircraft designer and manufacturer, was born on 26 March 1885 at Kirkstall near Leeds, the eldest of three sons of George William Blackburn, an engineer, and his wife, Kate, née Naylor. His career was influenced by his engineering background—George Blackburn...

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Sir Basil Davenport Blackwell (1922–2003) by unknown photographer, 1985 UPPA/Photoshot

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Blackwell, Sir Basil Davenport (1922–2003), engineer and industrialist, was born on 8 February 1922 at 72 Hollyshaw Lane, Whitkirk, Yorkshire, the son of Alfred Blackwell, engineering company manager, and his wife, Hilda Kathleen Sophia, née Bretherick (later Lloyd). He was educated at Leeds grammar school...

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Sir Arthur Whitten Brown (1886–1948) by Sir John Lavery by courtesy of Felix Rosenstiel's Widow & Son Ltd., London, on behalf of the Estate of Sir John Lavery / courtesy of the Trustees of the Royal Air Force Museum

Article

E. C. Shepherd

revised by Peter G. Cooksley

Brown, Sir Arthur Whitten (1886–1948), air navigator and engineer, was born in Glasgow on 23 July 1886, the only child of American parents, Arthur George Brown, an electrical engineer, and his wife, Emma Whitten. Arthur was still an infant when his parents moved their home to ...

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Bruyne, Norman Adrian de (1904–1997), aeronautical engineer, was born on 8 November 1904 at Punta Arenas, Magallanes, Chile, the fourth and youngest son of Dr Pieter Adriaan de Bruyne, a sheep farmer originally from the Netherlands, and his wife, Maude, née Mattocks, of English descent. His father had left ...

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Sir John Scoular Buchanan (1883–1966) by Walter Stoneman, 1944 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

G. P. Bulman

revised by Anita McConnell

Buchanan, Sir John Scoular (1883–1966), aeronautical engineer, was born at Cambuslang, Lanarkshire, on 23 November 1883, the son of Joseph Buchanan, a steel smelter, and his wife, Janet M. Scoular Hogg. They also had another son and a daughter who emigrated to Canada...

Article

Burney, Sir (Charles) Dennistoun, second baronet (1888–1968), marine and aeronautical engineer, was born in Bermuda on 28 December 1888, the only son among the three children of Sir Cecil Burney, first baronet (1858–1929), later admiral, and second in command of the Grand Fleet...

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Camm, Sir Sydney (1893–1966), aircraft designer, was born in Windsor on 5 August 1893, the eldest of twelve children of Frederick Camm, journeyman carpenter and joiner, and his wife, Mary Smith. At the Royal Free School at Windsor his interest in aviation was awakened at an early age through the construction of elementary flying models. Soon after he left school ...

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Sir George Cayley, sixth baronet (1773–1857) by Henry Perronet Briggs, 1840 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cayley, Sir George, sixth baronet (1773–1857), aeronautical designer, was born on 27 December 1773 in Scarborough, Yorkshire, the only son of Sir Thomas Cayley (1732–1792), and his wife, Isabella Seton (d. 1828); there were also four daughters. After brief schooling in York...

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Roy Chadwick (1893–1947) by unknown photographer Royal Aeronautical Society Library

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Chadwick, Roy (1893–1947), aircraft designer, was born at Farnworth, near Widnes, Lancashire, on 30 April 1893, the elder son of Charles Henry Chadwick, a mechanical engineer in Manchester, and his wife, Agnes Bradshaw. Educated at a school in Urmston and at the Manchester College of Technology...

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Coatalen, Louis Hervé (1879–1962), designer of cars and aero-engines, was born on 11 September 1879 at Concarneau, Finistère, the second son of a hotelier and wheelwright, François Marie Coatalen, and his wife, Louise Le Bris. From grammar school at Brest, he went to the ...

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Samuel Franklin Cody (1861–1913) by unknown photographer, 1912 [at the controls of his aeroplane Cathedral] Getty Images

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Cody [formerly Cowdery], Samuel Franklin (1861–1913), showman and aeronautical designer, was born on 6 March 1861 in Davenport, Iowa, USA, the fourth of five children of Samuel Franklin Cowdery (1833–1902), a former Union soldier and jobbing carpenter, and his wife, Phoebe Jane (1834–1900)...

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Collar, (Arthur) Roderick (1908–1986), mathematician and aeronautical engineer, was born on 22 February 1908 in West Ealing, London, the second of three children and elder son of Arthur Collar, of Whitstable, Kent, who had a successful ironmonger's and builder's business, and his wife, ...

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Constant, Hayne (1904–1968), mechanical and aeronautical engineer, was born at Gravesend, Kent, on 26 September 1904, the second son of the family of six children of Frederick Charles Constant, dental surgeon, of Gravesend and later Folkestone, and his wife, (Mary) Theresa Hayne, of ...