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Addenbrooke, John (bap. 1681, d. 1719), physician and benefactor, was born at Kingswinford in Staffordshire, and baptized on 13 June 1681 at the parish church in West Bromwich, the only son of Samuel Addenbrooke, vicar of West Bromwich, and Matilda Porry of Wolverhampton...

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Cox, William Sands (1802–1875), surgeon and a founder of Queen's College, Birmingham, was the eldest son of Edward Townsend Cox (1769–1863), a well-known Birmingham surgeon. After being educated locally at the King Edward VI Grammar School, he was articled to his father and began to study medicine at ...

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Gillespie, James, of Spylaw (1726–1797), tobacconist and benefactor, was born in 1726, probably at Roslin, near Edinburgh. He had one sister and a younger brother. His family were members of the Cameronians, or reformed Presbyterians, a strict nonconformist sect. Gillespie began his career as a tobacconist and, in partnership with his brother, ...

Article

Gordon, Robert (bap. 1668, d. 1731), benefactor, the eldest son of Arthur Gordon (1625–1680), advocate, and his wife, Isobel Menzies, was baptized on 18 August 1668 in Aberdeen. Gordon was left an inheritance of around £1100 at his father's death, which he seems to have spent in travelling in ...

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Guy, Thomas (1644/5?–1724), philanthropist and founder of Guy's Hospital, the eldest of three children of Thomas Guy (d. 1652×4), lighterman, coalmonger, and carpenter, and his wife, Anne Vaughton of Tamworth, Staffordshire, was born in London in Pritchard's Alley, Fair Street, Horsleydown, Southwark...

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Philip, Sir Robert William (1857–1939), physician and founder of tuberculosis dispensaries, was born at Govan, Glasgow, on 29 December 1857, the youngest son of George Philip, a minister of the Free Church of Scotland, whose charge was Union Church, Govan, and his wife, ...

Article

Rahere [Rayer] (d. 1143x5), founder of St Bartholomew's Hospital and priory, London, was of unknown origins. The one authoritative source for his life, Liber fundacionis ecclesiae Sancti Bartholomei Londoniensis written some forty years after his death but existing only in a fifteenth-century text, describes '...

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Salmon, Frederick (1796–1868), rectal surgeon and founder of St Mark's Hospital, London, was born on 11 April 1796 in Bath, the son of Henry Salmon (1754/5–1827), attorney, and his wife, Denne (1762/3–1853). Salmon was the sixth of nine children, of whom three boys and four girls survived into adulthood. His brothers ...

Article

C. L. Falkiner

revised by Patrick Wallis

Steevens, Richard (1653–1710), physician and benefactor, and Grizell Steevens (1653–1747), his sister, born in Wiltshire, were the twin children of John Steevens (d. 1682), an English royalist clergyman, and his wife, Constance. The family left Wiltshire for Ireland some time after 1654, and ...

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Thomas Sutton (1532–1611) by Renold Elstrack © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sutton, Thomas (1532–1611), founder of the London Charterhouse, was born, according to the inscription on his tomb, in 1532 at Knaith, Lincolnshire. His father was Richard Sutton, clerk to the sheriff of Lincoln, his mother Elisabeth Mering of South Collingham, from a gentry family in ...

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Tuke, William (1732–1822), philanthropist and founder of the York Retreat, was born in York on 24 March 1732, the son of Samuel Tuke (1703–1748), stuff weaver and hosier, and his wife, Ann (d. 1755), daughter of John Ward of Dronfield, Derbyshire. The ...