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Lukis, Frederick Corbin (1788–1871), antiquary and natural historian, was born on 24 February 1788 at La Grange, St Peter Port, Guernsey, the last of the four children of John Lukis (1753–1832), captain in the Royal Guernsey militia, and Sarah Collings (1749–1816). His father having made a substantial income from privateering and from the lucrative wine trade, the family had a fine house built in the elegant ...

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Pleydell, John Clavell Mansel- [formerly John Clavell Mansel] (1817–1902), natural historian and antiquary, was born John Clavell Mansel on 4 December 1817, the eldest son of Colonel John Mansel (1776–1863) of Smedmore, Dorset, and his wife, Louisa (d. 1863), fourth daughter of ...

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Sowerby, James (1757–1822), natural history artist, publisher, and collector, was born on 21 March 1757, at 2 Bolt-in-Tun Passage, Fleet Street, London, the son of John Sowerby (1719–1766), a lapidary, and his wife, Arabella Goodreed (1725–1782). He was educated at a day school, where he often made models during his lessons that he could sell. When he was fourteen friends provided ...

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James Sowerby (1757–1822) by J. C. Edwards (after Thomas Heaphy, 1816) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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G. S. Boulger

revised by Peter Davis

Wallis, John (1714–1793), antiquary and natural historian, the son of John Wallis (or Wallace) of Croglin, Cumberland, was born at Castlenook in South Tynedale, Northumberland. He matriculated from Queen's College, Oxford, on 3 February 1733, graduated BA in 1737, and proceeded MA in 1740. Having taken orders, he held a curacy for a few years in ...

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John Woodward (1665/16681668–1728) by William Humphrey, pubd 1774 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Woodward, John (1665/1668–1728), physician, natural historian, and antiquary, was born on 1 May 1665, or possibly 1668, in a village (possibly Wirksworth) in Derbyshire; he may have been of a Gloucestershire family and his mother's maiden surname may have been Burdett. At sixteen he was apprenticed to a ...