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Albin, Eleazar (d. 1742?), naturalist and watercolour painter, may have been born somewhere in the German states to a family named Weiss. Nothing is known of his early life, although he later claimed, in his Natural History of Birds (1731–8), to have been '...

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Bolton, James (bap. 1735, d. 1799), natural history artist and mycologist, was baptized on 23 November 1735; he was probably born on a farm in the Calder valley, Yorkshire. He was the younger son of a weaver, William Bolton (or Boulton). His elder brother, ...

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Drury, Dru (1725–1804), silversmith and naturalist, was born on 4 February 1725, probably in Lad Lane, Wood Street, London, the son of Drew Drury, silversmith, and only surviving child of the eight children of his father's second marriage, to Mary Hesketh. (The unusual forename was bestowed through many generations, from ...

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Ferryman, Robert (1752–1837), naturalist and museum keeper, was born at Barrow-on-Soar, Leicestershire, the son of John Ferryman (c.1720–1784), gentleman and probably farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Beaumont (c.1727–1797), and was baptized there on 2 January 1753. Robert took an early interest in natural history and had started to collect animals by 1769. He was ordained deacon in ...

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Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist, was born on 23 March 1816 in Coventry, the eldest of the three sons of Joseph Gutteridge, a recruiting sergeant, and his first wife, Sarah Shaw. Educated from 1821 in two schools, run by a Quaker woman and Wesleyan preacher respectively, he then went to ...

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Parkinson, Sydney (d. 1771), natural history artist, was born in Edinburgh, one of three children and the younger son of Joel Parkinson, a brewer and leading Quaker of that city, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1700–1771). His birth year is uncertain: 1745, the traditional estimate, is twelve years after his brother's and by then his mother was in her mid-forties, so it appears suspect....

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John Reeves (1774–1856) by George Chinnery, 1826–31 © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Reeves, John (1774–1856), natural history collector and artist, was born on 1 May 1774, the youngest son of the Revd Jonathan Reeves of West Ham, Essex. Left an orphan at an early age, he was educated at Christ's Hospital and afterwards entered the counting house of a tea broker. He joined the ...

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Stephenson, Thomas Alan (1898–1961), marine biologist and artist, was born at Burnham-on-Sea, Somerset, on 19 January 1898, the eldest child in the family of two sons and one daughter of Thomas Stephenson, a Wesleyan minister, who shortly afterwards became a tutor at the ...

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Stewart, James Hope (1789–1856), factor and natural history illustrator, was born at Hillside, Dryfesdale, Dumfriesshire, on 2 August 1789, the son of William Stewart of Hillhead (1743/4–1822) and Margaret Graham (c.1767/8–1853), daughter of George Graham of Shaw. About 1816 Stewart married ...

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William Swainson (1789–1855) by Edward Francis Finden, pubd 1840 (after Mosses) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Swainson, William (1789–1855), naturalist and artist, was born on 8 October 1789 at Newington Butts, London, the son of John Timothy Swainson (1757–1824), customs collector, and his second wife, Frances Stanway (1769–1792). His father was a keen amateur zoologist, well informed and assiduous in his collection of shells, insects, and fossils; he was also a founder member of the ...