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Armstrong, Edward Allworthy (1900–1978), ornithologist and Church of England clergyman, was born at Corlea, Lowwood, Belfast, on 8 October 1900, the younger child and only son of Hamilton Armstrong, manufacturer's agent, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Susan, daughter of Dr Samuel W. Allworthy...

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Ayton, William Alexander (1816–1909), Church of England clergyman and alchemist, was born on 28 April 1816 in the Bloomsbury district of London, the son of William Capon Ayton (1786-1843), solicitor, and his wife Mary Anne née Nicolson (1791-1921). He was educated at the ...

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Barlow, William (1544–1625), Church of England clergyman and natural philosopher, was one of two sons and five daughters born to William Barlow (d. 1568), then bishop of St David's, and his wife, Agatha Wellesbourne (d. 1593), a former nun. His father's elder brother ...

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Beale, John (bap. 1608, d. 1683), Church of England clergyman and writer on agriculture and natural philosophy, was baptized at Yarkhill, Herefordshire, on 17 April 1608, the sixth and youngest son of Thomas Beale (1575–1620), a lawyer and prominent gentleman farmer, and his wife, ...

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Bennet, Abraham (bap. 1749, d. 1799), Church of England clergyman and natural philosopher, was baptized in Taxal, Cheshire, on 20 December 1749, the son of Abraham Bennet, schoolmaster, of Whaley Lane, Cheshire, and his wife, Ann Fallowes of Cheadle. He appears to have been the eldest child, with at least one brother, ...

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Bentham, Edward (1707–1776), university professor, fifth son of the Revd Samuel Bentham (c.1681–1733), a minor canon of Ely, and his wife, Philippa Willen (c.1681–1747), was born in the college at Ely on 23 July 1707, and baptized in the cathedral on 21 August 1707. After singing as a chorister at ...

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Berkeley, Miles Joseph (1803–1889), Church of England clergyman and naturalist, was born at Biggin Hall, near Oundle, Northamptonshire, on 1 April 1803, the second son of Charles Berkeley of Biggin Hall and his wife, Charlotte, daughter of James Munn of Blackheath and sister of the watercolour artist ...

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Berthon, Edward Lyon (1813–1899), inventor of nautical aids and Church of England clergyman, was born in Finsbury Square, London, on 20 February 1813, the tenth child of Peter Berthon, an army contractor, who was reduced to comparative poverty by the wreck of a number of his ships and the end of the war in 1814. In 1828 ...

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Bingley, William (1774–1823), naturalist and Church of England clergyman, was born at Doncaster, Yorkshire, early in January 1774 and baptized there on the 7th. He was orphaned while still very young. He was educated at a school in Doncaster, where his friends urged him to pursue a career in law, but his own inclinations were for a more tranquil life in the church. With this end in mind he matriculated at ...

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Brodie, Peter Bellinger (1815–1897), Church of England clergyman and geologist, was born on 27 January 1815 at 49 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, the first child of Peter Bellinger Brodie (1778–1854), barrister, and his first wife, Elizabeth Mary (d. 1823), daughter of Sutton Thomas Wood...

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Brown, George (c. 1650–1730), arithmetician and minister of religion, may be identifiable with the George Brown who attended the University of Aberdeen from 1664, graduating MA in 1668. He married Elspeth Anderson in Edinburgh on 13 January 1674, when he was described as a mathematician. Some time between 1682 and 1684 he became minister at ...

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William Buckland (1784–1856) by Thomas Phillips, 1836 unknown collection; photograph Library of Department of Geology and Mineralogy, Oxford / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Buckland, William (1784–1856), geologist and dean of Westminster, was born on 12 March 1784 at Axminster, Devon, the eldest son of Charles Buckland (1750–1828/9), rector of Templeton and Trusham, and his first wife, Elizabeth (1756–1812), daughter of John Oke, of Combpyne near Axminster...

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Buckminster [Buckmaster], Thomas (1531/2–1599), Church of England clergyman and almanac writer, was vicar of Twickenham from 1562 to 1563, then rector at All Hallows-the-Great, London, 1564–72, and rector at St Mary Woolnoth from 1572 until his death. He is sometimes supposed to have been a relative of ...

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Edmund Cartwright (1743–1823) by Thomas Oldham Barlow, pubd 1862 (after Robert Fulton) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cartwright, Edmund (1743–1823), Church of England clergyman and inventor of a power loom, was born on 24 April 1743 at Marnham in Nottinghamshire, the fourth of five sons of William Cartwright (d. 1781) and his wife, Anne (d. 1787), daughter of ...

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Chevallier, Temple (1794–1873), Church of England clergyman and university teacher, was born on 19 October 1794 at Badingham, Suffolk, the youngest son of the Revd Temple Chevallier. He was educated at home, then at the grammar schools of Bury St Edmunds and Ipswich...

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Clarke, John (bap. 1682, d. 1757), dean of Salisbury and mathematician, was baptized at St Andrew's, Norwich, on 7 May 1682, the son of Edward Clarke, weaver, alderman, and MP for Norwich in 1701, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of Samuel Parmenter. Samuel Clarke (1675–1729)...

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Clarke, William Branwhite (1798–1878), geologist and Church of England clergyman, was born on 2 June 1798 at East Bergholt, Suffolk, the eldest of the five children of William Clarke (d. 1829), headmaster of the East Bergholt Free School and his wife, Sarah (...

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William Branwhite Clarke (1798–1878) by William Macleod, 1878? by permission of the National Library of Australia / Sydney Mail supplement