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(James) Keir Hardie (1856–1915) by George Charles Beresford, 1905 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hardie, (James) Keir [formerly James Kerr] (1856–1915), founder of the Labour Party, was born in Legbrannock, Lanarkshire, on 15 August 1856. He was the illegitimate son of a farm servant, Mary Kerr, and was named James Kerr. The probable father was William Aitken...