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Cossham, Handel (1824–1890), colliery owner and politician, was born on 31 March 1824 at Fore Street, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, in the same room where his father and grandfather had been delivered, the son of Jesse Cossham (1799–1887), a carpenter, and his wife, Sarah, née...

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Cushing, Thomas (1725–1788), merchant and politician, was born on 24 March 1725 in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Thomas Cushing (b. 1694), leading merchant and public official, and Mary Bromfield (b. 1696). Little is known of Thomas's early life, but he was probably brought up in the expectation that he would one day take over the family business from his father. He attended ...

Article

Cutt, John (bap. 1613, d. 1681), merchant and politician, was baptized in Bath, the second of six children of John Cutt (1563–1625), a merchant, and his second wife, Bridget, the daughter of Arthur Baker of Aust in Gloucestershire. Almost nothing is known regarding the first thirty years of his life. His younger brother ...

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Edwards, (Allen) Clement (1869–1938), trade unionist, barrister, and journalist, was born on 7 June 1869 in Knighton, Radnorshire, the third of seven children born to George Benjamin Edwards, auctioneer, master tailor, and draper, and Sarah Ellen (née Tudge). Both parents came from farming, nonconformist, and radical families in the border areas. ...

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Jeremiah Griffiths (1890–1975) by Walter Bird, 1965 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Griffiths, Jeremiah [James] (1890–1975), trade unionist and politician, was born in Betws, Ammanford, Carmarthenshire, on 19 September 1890. He was the youngest of ten children (six sons, two of whom died at birth, and four daughters) of William Griffiths, a blacksmith, and his wife, ...

Article

Love, William (c. 1620–1689), merchant and politician, was the eldest son of William Love of Aynho, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Mary, daughter of John Uvedale. His family were members of the minor gentry, armigerous since Elizabeth I's reign. As an adolescent he was apprenticed to ...

Article

Mappin, Sir Frederick Thorpe, first baronet (1821–1910), industrialist and politician, was born on 16 May 1821 in Sheffield, the eldest of the four sons of Joseph Mappin (1793–1841), cutlery manufacturer, and his wife, Mary, the daughter of Thomas Thorpe of Haynes, Bedfordshire, a land surveyor. He was educated at ...

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Sir Frederick Thorpe Mappin, first baronet (1821–1910) by Bassano, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Salt, Sir Titus, first baronet (1803–1876), textile manufacturer and politician, was born on 20 September 1803 in the Old Manor House, Morley, near Wakefield, Yorkshire, the eldest of the five surviving children of Daniel Salt (1781–1843) and Grace Smithies. Daniel was a man of considerable business experience who in 1822 moved to ...

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Sir Titus Salt, first baronet (1803–1876) by William Holl (after Appleton & Co.) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Tillett, Benjamin [Ben] (1860–1943), trade unionist and politician, was born in Lower Easton, Bristol, on 11 September 1860, the son of Benjamin Tillett, a hard-drinking labourer, and his first wife, Elizabeth, née Lane, who died when he was a baby. Ben Tillett grew up in poverty and, according to his unreliable ...

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Benjamin Tillett (1860–1943) by London Stereoscopic Co. © National Portrait Gallery, London