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Bowman, Alexander [formerly Patrick McKeown] (1854–1924), trade unionist and politician, was born on 16 March 1854, and baptized as a Roman Catholic, with the name Patrick McKeown. His father, William McKeown, or McKeon (1827–1865), was a Catholic farmer of Derry townland, Dromara, co. Down...

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Brown, James (1862–1939), trade unionist and politician, was born on 16 December 1862, at Whitletts, Ayr, the third child, but first to survive infancy, of James Brown, a weaver turned miner, and his wife, Christine MacMillan, née O'Hara. His mother was of protestant Irish and Scottish highland descent. ...

Article

Brown, Sir William, first baronet (1784–1864), merchant and politician, was born on 30 May 1784 at Ballymena, co. Antrim, the eldest son of seven children of Alexander Brown (1764–1834), merchant, and Grace, daughter of John Davison of Drumnasole.

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Sir William Brown, first baronet (1784–1864) by Sir John Watson-Gordon, 1857 Board of Trustees of the National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside (Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool)

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by D. W. Hayton

Campbell, Daniel (1671/2–1753), merchant and politician, was the third son of the covenanter captain Walter Campbell of Skipness. After being apprenticed to a Glasgow merchant, he sailed to New England in 1692 as part owner of a cargo, and spent the next two years trading on the ...

Article

Candlish, John (1816–1874), glass bottle manufacturer and politician, was born at Tarset, near Bellingham in Northumberland, and baptized on 28 April 1816, the eldest son of John Candlish (b. 1793), farmer, and his wife, Mary, née Robson. Following the death of his wife about 1820, the elder ...

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Cowan, Charles (1801–1889), paper manufacturer and politician, born on 7 June 1801 at 12 or 14 Charlotte Street, Edinburgh (as he said in his Reminiscences), was the eldest of the eleven children of Alexander Cowan (d. 1859), owner of paper mills at ...

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Cunningham, Waddell (1729–1797), merchant and politician, was born in Ballymacilmoyle, in the parish of Killead, co. Antrim, Ireland, the youngest son of John Cunningham, sometime ship's captain and a small farmer, and his wife, Jane Ross Waddell, of Islandderry, in the parish of ...

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Waddell Cunningham (1729–1797) by Robert Home, c. 1786 photograph © Ulster Museum. Photograph reproduced with the kind permission of the Trustees of the National Museums & Galleries of Northern Ireland

Article

See Dewar, John Alexander, first Baron Forteviot

Article

Gladstone [Gladstones], Sir John, first baronet (1764–1851), merchant and politician, was born John Gladstones on 11 December 1764 in Leith, the eldest son of the sixteen children (four dying in infancy) of Thomas Gladstones (1732–1809), a merchant in Leith, and his wife, Nelly (1739–1806)...

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Sir John Gladstone, first baronet (1764–1851) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, 1844 courtesy of Glasgow University / Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Hodge, John (1855–1937), trade unionist and politician, was born on 29 October 1855, at Linkeyburn, Muirkirk, Ayrshire, the son of William Hodge, a puddler at a local ironworks, and his wife, Marion (née Henderson). As a child Hodge moved to Motherwell and then to ...

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Jardine, Sir Robert, first baronet (1825–1905), East India merchant and politician, was born on 24 May 1825, the fourth and youngest son (of six children) of David Jardine, farmer, of Muirhousehead, Applegarth, Dumfriesshire, and Rachel, daughter of William Johnston, farmer, of Linns, Dumfriesshire...

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Kirkwood, David, first Baron Kirkwood (1872–1955), trade unionist and politician, was born at Parkhead, Glasgow, on 8 July 1872, the son of John Kirkwood and his wife, Jean, daughter of William Brown. An older brother had died as an infant, and his parents also had an adopted daughter. His father was a labourer who rose to be winding-master in a weaving mill at a wage of ...

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Alexander Macdonald (1821–1881) by unknown engraver, pubd 1874 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Macdonald [formerly McDonald], Alexander (1821–1881), trade unionist and politician, was born on 27 June 1821 at Dalmacoulter Farm, New Monkland, Lanarkshire, the eldest of seven children of Daniel McDonald and his wife, Ann, née Watt. His father was a former seaman in the ...

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Sir (Nicholas) James Sutherland Matheson, first baronet (1796–1878) by Henry Cousins, pubd 1837 (after James Lonsdale) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Matheson, Sir (Nicholas) James Sutherland, first baronet (1796–1878), merchant and politician, was born on 17 November 1796 at Shinness, near Lairg, Sutherland, the second son in the family of three sons and five daughters of Captain Donald Matheson of Shinness, and his wife, ...

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William McEwan (1827–1913) by Walter William Ouless, exh. RA 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London