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Henry Broadhurst (1840–1911) by Olive Edis © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

J. R. MacDonald

revised by Marc Brodie

Broadhurst, Henry (1840–1911), trade unionist and politician, was born at Littlemore, Oxfordshire, on 23 April 1840, the fourth son and youngest of the twelve children of Thomas Broadhurst (1799/1800–1866), stonemason, and his wife, Sarah, née Jessop (1799/1800–1880). He was educated at a village school near ...

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William John Brown (1894–1960) by Howard Coster, 1934 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Brown, William John (1894–1960), trade unionist and politician, was born on 13 September 1894 in Battersea, London, the second son of Joseph Morris Brown, a plumber, and his wife, Rosina (Rose) Spicer. He attended the Salmestone elementary school, Margate, until the age of eleven, whereupon he won a scholarship to ...

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Fielden, John (1784–1849), industrialist and politician, was born on 17 January 1784 at home at Laneside, Todmorden, Lancashire, the third of the eight children of Joshua Fielden (1748–1811), tenant farmer and clothier, and his wife, Jennifer (Jenny) Greenwood (1749–1825). He had no formal schooling. From a very early age he worked in his father's spinning mills and accompanied him on weekly trips to ...

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Hazell, Bertie [Bert] (1907–2009), trade unionist and politician, was born on 18 April 1907 in a tied cottage in Attleborough, south Norfolk, the son of John Hazell, farm worker, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Ling. Despite the wishes of many to call him ...

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Smith, William Henry (1825–1891), newsagent and politician, was born on 24 June 1825 at 42 Duke Street, Grosvenor Square, London, the only son of William Henry Smith (1792–1865), and his wife, Mary Ann Cooper. He had six sisters. His father, who was originally a newsagent in a small way of business, had the idea of sending ...

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William Henry Smith (1825–1891) by John D. Miller, pubd 1883 (after George Richmond, 1878) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Whiteley, William (1881–1955), politician and trade unionist, was born on 3 October 1881 in the village of Littleburn near Durham. He was the fourth son of Samuel Whiteley (d. 1921) and his wife, Ellen, née Bragan. Samuel Whiteley had begun work in the mines at the age of seven and was an active member of the ...

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See Williams, John Charles

Article

Wilson, Joseph Havelock (1858–1929), trade unionist and politician, was born in Sunderland on 16 August 1858, the son of John Blenkin Wilson, a foreman draper, and his wife, Hannah Robson. After intermittent attendance at a local school and various short-term jobs, Wilson went to sea in 1870, remaining in the ...

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Joseph Havelock Wilson (1858–1929) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London