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Abbot, Sir Maurice (1565–1642), merchant and politician, was born on 2 November 1565 and baptized three days later at Holy Trinity Church, Guildford, the fifth of the six sons of Maurice Abbot (1519/20–1606), a merchant, and his wife, Alice Marsh or March (1525/6–1606)...

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Baillie, James Evan (1781?–1863), merchant, banker, and politician, was born in Bristol, probably in 1781, into a successful Scottish merchant-planter family that had settled in Bristol in the 1770s. He was baptized at St Augustine-the-Less, Bristol, on 26 June 1782, the third but second surviving son of ...

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Bond, Denis (1588–1658), merchant and politician, was born on 30 August 1588, the eldest son of John Bond (1556–1633) of Lutton, in the Isle of Purbeck, Dorset, merchant and four times mayor of Weymouth, and his wife, Margaret (d. 1631), daughter of ...

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Brown, Sir William, first baronet (1784–1864), merchant and politician, was born on 30 May 1784 at Ballymena, co. Antrim, the eldest son of seven children of Alexander Brown (1764–1834), merchant, and Grace, daughter of John Davison of Drumnasole.

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Sir William Brown, first baronet (1784–1864) by Sir John Watson-Gordon, 1857 Board of Trustees of the National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside (Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool)

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Bryce, (John) Annan (1843–1923), merchant and politician, was born in Belfast on 12 August 1843, the son of the mathematician and geologist James Bryce the younger (1806–1877) and his wife, Margaret, née Young (1813–1903). His elder brother was James Bryce, Viscount Bryce (1838–1922)...

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by D. W. Hayton

Campbell, Daniel (1671/2–1753), merchant and politician, was the third son of the covenanter captain Walter Campbell of Skipness. After being apprenticed to a Glasgow merchant, he sailed to New England in 1692 as part owner of a cargo, and spent the next two years trading on the ...

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Clitherow, Sir Christopher (1577/8–1641), merchant and politician, was the only son of Henry Clitherow (d. 1608), a merchant, of the parish of St Andrew Undershaft, London, and his first wife, Bridget, the daughter of Thomas Hewett. He was presumably descended from Richard...

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Sir Christopher Clitherow (1577/88–1641) by unknown artist photograph by courtesy Sotheby's Picture Library, London

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Crichton, William (1733–1782), merchant and politician, was the son of Patrick Crichton, a saddler and merchant of Edinburgh. Details of Crichton's early life and career cannot be established with any great certainty but it is likely that he was the William Crichton who entered an apprenticeship as a goldsmith with ...

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Cruger, Henry (1739–1827), merchant and politician, was born in New York city on 22 November 1739, one of four sons of Henry Cruger (d. 1780), merchant and member of the New York assembly and council, and his wife, Elizabeth Harris. The Cruger...

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Cunningham, Waddell (1729–1797), merchant and politician, was born in Ballymacilmoyle, in the parish of Killead, co. Antrim, Ireland, the youngest son of John Cunningham, sometime ship's captain and a small farmer, and his wife, Jane Ross Waddell, of Islandderry, in the parish of ...

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Waddell Cunningham (1729–1797) by Robert Home, c. 1786 photograph © Ulster Museum. Photograph reproduced with the kind permission of the Trustees of the National Museums & Galleries of Northern Ireland

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Cushing, Thomas (1725–1788), merchant and politician, was born on 24 March 1725 in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Thomas Cushing (b. 1694), leading merchant and public official, and Mary Bromfield (b. 1696). Little is known of Thomas's early life, but he was probably brought up in the expectation that he would one day take over the family business from his father. He attended ...

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Cutt, John (bap. 1613, d. 1681), merchant and politician, was baptized in Bath, the second of six children of John Cutt (1563–1625), a merchant, and his second wife, Bridget, the daughter of Arthur Baker of Aust in Gloucestershire. Almost nothing is known regarding the first thirty years of his life. His younger brother ...

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Ellice, Edward (1783–1863), merchant and politician, was born on 12 September 1783 in London, the third son of Alexander Ellice (d. 1805), merchant, and his wife, who was probably Ann Russell. The Ellices were originally an Aberdeenshire family; Edward Ellice's grandfather apparently took up business in ...

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Edward Ellice (1783–1863) by unknown engraver, pubd 1878 © Copyright The British Museum

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Ferrar, John (c. 1588–1657), merchant and politician, was the third of six sons of Nicholas Ferrar (1544/5–1620), a wealthy London merchant, and Mary (1553/4–1634), daughter of Lawrence Wodenoth of Shavington Hall, Cheshire. He attended the school at Enborne, Berkshire, kept by the Revd Robert Brooks...

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Forwood, Sir William Bower (1840–1928), merchant and politician, was born on 21 January 1840 in Edge Hill, Liverpool, the second son of Thomas Brittain Forwood (1810–1884), Liverpool merchant, and Charlotte (d. 1861), daughter of William Bower, Liverpool cotton broker. Arthur Forwood was his brother....

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Fowke, John (c. 1596–1662), merchant and politician, was the third son of William Fowke of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, gentleman, and his wife, Alice, daughter of George Carr of Bushley, Worcestershire. He was bound apprentice to the Haberdashers' Company in 1608 and gained his freedom in 1617. He was married twice, first to ...