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Francis Bacon, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626) attrib. Abraham van Blyenberch, c. 1618 © Royal Society

Article

Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561–1626), lord chancellor, politician, and philosopher, was born on 22 January 1561 at York House in the Strand, London, the second of the two sons of Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510–1579), lord keeper, and his second wife, Anne (...

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Richard Burdon Haldane, Viscount Haldane (1856–1928) by Lafayette, 1906 V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

Article

Haldane, Richard Burdon, Viscount Haldane (1856–1928), politician, educationist, and lord chancellor, was born at 17 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, on 30 July 1856. He was the second son (but first surviving infancy) of Robert Haldane (1805–1877), writer to the signet and a Baptist, and his second wife, ...

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Edward Hyde, first earl of Clarendon (1609–1674) after Adriaen Hanneman, c. 1648–55 private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Hyde, Edward, first earl of Clarendon (1609–1674), politician and historian, was born on 18 February 1609 at Dinton, Wiltshire, and baptized there on 22 February, the sixth of the nine children of Henry Hyde (c.1563–1634), gentleman, and his wife, Mary (...