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Clarke, William John Turner (1805–1874), pastoralist and financier in Australia, was born on 20 April 1805 at Bridgwater, Somerset, second son of William Clarke (c.1770–1813), Aldgate livestock dealer, and his wife, Sarah, née Turner (d. 1819), of Weston Royland, Somerset...

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Monson, Sir John, second baronet (1599–1683), politician and financier of fen drainage, was born in St Sepulchre, London, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Monson, first baronet (1563/4–1641), of South Carlton in Lincolnshire, and his wife, Margaret (1569–1630), daughter of Sir Edmund Anderson...

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Orwin, Charles Stewart (1876–1955), agricultural economist and historian, was born on 26 September 1876 at Horsham, Sussex, the only son of Frederick James Orwin and Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Campbell Stewart, of Blackheath, and niece of George Gawler, governor of South Australia (1838–41). Born into a medical family with a reputation for independent, radical thinking, from his earliest days ...

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Russell, John Robert [Ian], thirteenth duke of Bedford (1917–2002), landowner and businessman, was born on 24 May 1917 at the home of his great-aunt, Lady Ela Russell, 51 Prince's Gate, Knightsbridge, London, the eldest child of Hastings William Sackville Russell, then marquess of Tavistock, later twelfth duke of Bedford...

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John Robert Russell, thirteenth duke of Bedford (1917–2002) by unknown photographer, 1959 © Popperfoto

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Smith, George Murray (1859–1919), businessman and landowner, was born on 4 February 1859 at 3 Finsbury Circus, London, the son of George Murray Smith (1824–1901), publisher and founder of the Dictionary of National Biography, and his wife, Elizabeth Blakeway (1825–1914). Educated at Harrow School...

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Henry Frederick Thynne, sixth marquess of Bath (1905–1992) by Eve Arnold, 1961 © Eve Arnold / Magnum Photos; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Thynne, Henry Frederick, sixth marquess of Bath (1905–1992), landowner and businessman, was born in the great Elizabethan house of Longleat, Wiltshire, on 26 January 1905, the second son and youngest of five children of Thomas Henry Thynne, fifth marquess of Bath (1862–1946), and his wife, ...

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Wakefield, Edward (1774–1854), philanthropist, land agent, and writer on political economy, was born in Tottenham, Middlesex. He was the elder son of Edward Wakefield (1750–1826), merchant, and the writer Priscilla Wakefield (1750–1832), daughter of Daniel Bell. Daniel Wakefield was his younger brother. Edward...