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Abel, Charles William (1862–1930), missionary, was born at 509 Oxford Street, Bloomsbury, London, on 25 September 1862, the youngest of three sons of William Edward Abel, a cashier at Mudie's Circulating Library, and his wife, Harriett Agnes, née Dobson. He was brought up in his parents' Congregational faith. After an education at ...

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Ackroyd, Peter Runham (1917–2005), Old Testament scholar, was born on 15 September 1917 at 66 Stone Hill Road, Derby, the son of Jabez Robert Ackroyd, Congregational minister, and his wife, Winifred, née Brown. When the family moved to Harrow, Middlesex, he attended the county boys' school. He matriculated from ...

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Adam, William (1828–1898), carpet manufacturer, was born on 10 June 1828 in Paisley, the eldest of five children and the only son of Peter Adam (c.1798–1861), hand-loom weaver, and his wife, Elisa.

Adam began his career in Paisley, working as a hand-loom cotton weaver and later as a warehouseman. On 16 June 1854 he married ...

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John Adams (1735–1826) by Gilbert Stuart, c. 1800–15 Gift of Mrs. Robert Homans, Photograph © 2004 Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art, Washington

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Adams, John (1735–1826), president of the United States of America, was born on 19 October 1735, in the north parish (in 1792 named Quincy) of Braintree, Suffolk county, Massachusetts, the eldest child of ‘Deacon’ John Adams (1692–1761), a local farmer, shoemaker, and office-holder, and his wife, ...

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Samuel Adams (1722–1803) by John Singleton Copley, c. 1772 Copyright 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Deposited by the City of Boston

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Adams, Samuel (1722–1803), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 27 September 1722, one of three children (who survived to adulthood) of Samuel Adams (1689–1748) of Boston and his wife, Mary, née Fifield (d. after 1748). Adams inherited his political activism from his father, a brewer and member of the ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by M. J. Mercer

Addington, Stephen (1729–1796), Independent minister and tutor, was born at Northampton on 9 June 1729, the seventh son of Samuel Addington, who was either a hatter or a glover, and his wife, Mary. He was a student at Philip Doddridge's academy at Northampton...

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Alden, Sir Percy (1865–1944), social worker and politician, was born at Walton Street, in St Thomas's parish, Oxford, on 6 June 1865, the third of six sons (there was also a daughter) of Isaac Alden (b. 1834), a master butcher, and his wife, ...

Article

A. B. Grosart

revised by M. J. Mercer

Aldridge, William (1737–1797), Independent minister, was born at Warminster, in Wiltshire. He spent his youth in the pursuit of pleasure, but in his twenties he was affected by a passionate desire to be a preacher of the gospel. He joined the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion...

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Alexander, John (1686–1743), minister of the Presbyterian General Synod of Ulster, was born on 30 September 1686 at Temple Patrick, co. Antrim, the son of John Alexander (d. 1712), and his wife, Mary Hamilton. His father was the fourth son of William Alexander, ...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by David Huddleston

Alexander, William Lindsay (1808–1884), Congregational minister, eldest son of William Alexander (1781–1866), wine merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Lindsay (d. 1848), was born at Leith on 24 August 1808. Having attended Leith high school and a boarding-school at East Linton, he entered ...

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Allen, Thomas (1608–1673), clergyman and ejected minister, was born in Norwich, son of John Allen, a dyer there. He went to school in the city before being admitted to Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, on 6 July 1624, aged fifteen. A scholar of the college from 1625 to 1629, he graduated BA in 1628 and proceeded MA in 1631. On 26 February 1634 he was appointed to the parish church of ...

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Allen, William (d. 1686), religious writer and controversialist, went to London about 1630. Nothing is known of his earlier life. In 1640 or 1641 he joined the church ministered to by John Goodwin, vicar of St Stephen, Coleman Street, London. He continued as a member when in 1645 it adopted congregational principles, and subsequently he became an elder. ...

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Alline, Henry (1748–1784), evangelist and hymn writer, was born in Newport, Rhode Island, on 14 June 1748, the second son of William Alline and Rebecca Clark. His father, who was probably a miller, responded to the announcements of free land in Nova Scotia...

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Allison, John Drummond (1921–1943), poet, was born in Caterham, Surrey, on 31 July 1921, the youngest of the four sons of Harry Ashby Allison (1870–1946), a chartered accountant, and his wife, of Austrian descent, Gertrude Jane Mabel Wolfsberger (1877–1961). Baptized Drummond because his mother noted that he had the pugnacious chin of ...

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Thomas Allom (1804–1872) by Thomas Carrick, 1846 private collection

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Allom, Thomas (1804–1872), architect and artist, was born on 13 March 1804 at Lambeth, the second of the two children of Thomas Allom (1770–1840), a coachman, and his wife, Martha Rampley (1771–1861), who were both originally from Suffolk. He was articled to the architect ...

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Henry Allon (1818–1892) by Lock & Whitfield, pubd 1879 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allon, Henry (1818–1892), Congregational minister and leader, was born at Welton, near Hull, on 13 October 1818, the son of William Allon (d. 1878), a builder and later estate steward, and Mary Allon. He followed his father in apprenticeship to a builder in ...