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Henry James Boland (1887–1922) by unknown photographer, 1919 Getty Images

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Boland, Henry James [Harry] (1887–1922), tailor's cutter and Irish revolutionary, was born on 27 April 1887 at 6 Dalymount Terrace, Phibsborough Road, north Dublin, the third of five children of James Henry Boland (1856–1895), paving overseer for the Dublin corporation, and Catherine (...

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Bowman, Alexander [formerly Patrick McKeown] (1854–1924), trade unionist and politician, was born on 16 March 1854, and baptized as a Roman Catholic, with the name Patrick McKeown. His father, William McKeown, or McKeon (1827–1865), was a Catholic farmer of Derry townland, Dromara, co. Down...

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Bradshaigh, Sir Roger, first baronet (1628–1684), politician and colliery owner, was born at Haigh Hall, Haigh near Wigan in Lancashire, on 13 January 1628, the eldest surviving son of James Bradshaigh (1598–1631) of Haigh and his wife, Ann, fourth daughter of Sir William Norris...

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Ronald M. Birse

revised by Christine Clark

Coffey, Aeneas (c. 1780–1852), exciseman and inventor of a still, was born probably in Dublin (though one source gives his birthplace as Calais), the son of Andrew Coffey, the city engineer of Dublin, who was employed in the Dublin city waterworks from 1774 to 1832. He is thought to have attended classes at ...

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Connock, Edward (d. 1617), merchant and East India Company servant, is of unknown parentage. He had experience of Levantine trade and politics as secretary to the ambassador in Constantinople. The East India Company was considering expansion into Persia, having gained a foothold at ...

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Peter Francis Curran (1860–1910) by A. Weston by permission of the People's History Museum

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Curran, Peter Francis [formerly Patrick Francis] (1860–1910), trade unionist and politician, was born in Glasgow on 28 March 1860, the son of George Curran, a causey layer, and his wife, Bridget, née McGinty. He was named Patrick by his parents who were Irish Catholics, but became known as ...

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Doherty, John (1797/8–1854), trade unionist and political radical, was born in Ireland but his exact date of birth is not certain. He came from a labouring family and he himself began work in the local cotton industry at the age of ten. In 1816 he joined the increasing flow of Irish migrants to ...

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Duncan, William Augustine (1811–1885), newspaper editor and customs official in Australia, was born on 12 March 1811 at Bluefield, Towie, Aberdeenshire, the son of Peter Duncan and his wife, Mary, née Macdougal. He was educated with a view to being ordained in the ...

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Ferranti, Basil Reginald Vincent Ziani de (1930–1988), industrialist and politician, was born on 2 July 1930 in Alderley Edge, Cheshire, the younger son and youngest of the five children of Sir (Gerard) Vincent Sebastian de Ferranti (1893–1980) [see under Ferranti, Sebastian Ziani de (1864-1930)...

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Guidotti, Sir Antonio (1492–1555), merchant and diplomat, was born on 27 May 1492 in Florence, the son of Andrea di Zanobi Guidotti (1457–1520) and Lucretia d'Antonio Gondi. The evidence suggests he received legal training in Italy before he arrived in Southampton in the 1510s to join his brother ...

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Holker, John (1719–1786), Jacobite soldier and industrialist, was born on 14 October 1719 at Stretford, near Manchester, the son of John Holker, probably a blacksmith, and Alice, daughter of John Morris. His father died early; his mother was still alive in 1760. He was a partner with ...

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Holland, William Henry, first Baron Rotherham (1849–1927), textile manufacturer and politician, was born on 15 December 1849, at 68 Slater Street, Manchester, the younger of the two sons of William Holland (1823–1892), a warehouseman's son, and his wife, Ellen, daughter of Samuel Robinson...

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Sir Polydor de Keyser (1832–1898) by John Caller Stedelijke Musea Dendermonde

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Keyser, Sir Polydor de (1832–1898), hotelier and politician, was born on 12 December 1832 in rue de l'Église, Dendermonde, Belgium, the younger son of Joost Constant Fidel Armand de Keyser (b. 1801) and his wife, Catharina Rosalie, née Troch. Constant de Keyser...

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Charles Welch

revised by Ian W. Archer

Kitson, Sir Thomas (1485–1540), merchant and local politician, was born in Warton, Lancashire, the son of Robert Kitson. He was apprenticed to Richard Glasyer, a mercer and merchant adventurer of London, and became free of the City in 1507. He was already trading on his own account on a substantial scale in 1509, and his accounts show that he remained active as a merchant adventurer until his death. In 1534–5, when he exported 625 cloths, only ten merchants exported larger quantities. He dealt mainly in the broadcloths of ...

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James Larkin (1874–1947) by unknown photographer, 1914 Getty Images

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Larkin, James (1874–1947), labour leader in Ireland, was born on 4 February 1874 at 41 Combermere Street, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, the second of the six children of James Larkin (1845–1887), a forge labourer, and his wife, Mary Ann McNulty (1842–1911). His parents were part of that vast exodus from ...

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Thomas Joseph Mboya (1930–1969) by unknown photographer, 1960 © reserved; East African Newspapers (Nation) Ltd; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London