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Bernard [Bernard Sapiens] (fl. c. 865–870), cleric and traveller, was the subject of misidentifications in the early seventeenth century, being described as English by John Pits and as Scottish by Thomas Dempster; the latter asserts that Bernard had been abbot of Holywood in ...

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Dartasso, Janico (d. 1426), adventurer, was born in Navarre, of Basque descent; he is first mentioned in 1367–8, while serving in the garrison of Cherbourg, then in the possession of Charles d'Évreux, king of Navarre. It seems likely that he remained at Cherbourg...

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Lok, Sir William (1480–1550), mercer and merchant adventurer, was the second son of Thomas Lok and grandson of John Lok, sheriff of London in 1461, both of whom were also members of the Mercers' Company. Although formally admitted to the company only in 1507, ...

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Machim [Robert Machin] (supp. fl. 14th cent.), supposed adventurer, is said to have lived in the fourteenth century, and is claimed, in sixteenth-century writings and works derived from them, as the discoverer of the island of Madeira.

Three traditions refer to him or to a similar character of similar name. What may be the earliest is represented by part of a work headed ...

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Mercadier (d. 1200), adventurer and mercenary, rose from obscure Provençal origins to become a general and intimate of Richard I. He receives his first mention in October 1183 fighting for Richard against rebellious lords in Aquitaine following the death of Henry, the Young King...

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Montmorency [Mount Maurice], Hervey de (fl. c. 1135–c. 1189), adventurer, became involved in Ireland through his association with his nephew, Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare (c. 1130–1176), earl of Pembroke and lord of Striguil (Strongbow). Their relationship stemmed from the marriage of ...

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Robert fitz Stephen (d. before 1192), adventurer, was the son of Stephen, constable of Cardigan Castle, and of Nest (d. c. 1130), daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwr, king of Deheubarth, who also had children with Gerald of Windsor and Henry I. Robert therefore was a maternal uncle of ...

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Peter Damian-Grint

Sæwulf (fl. 1102–1103), traveller, is known largely from the Relatio or written account he left of his pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 1102, shortly after its recapture by the crusaders. In his Relatio Sæwulf describes his journey from Monopoli, in Apulia, from where he sailed on 13 July 1102; as this was late in the season, he embarked on a trading ship (the only transport available). After being nearly wrecked just out of ...

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Symon Simeonis [Symon Semeonis] (fl. 1322–1324), Franciscan friar, traveller, and author, was from Ireland, probably of Anglo-Irish origin. In 1323–4 he undertook a journey from Ireland to the Holy Land which he describes in his Itinerarium Symon Semeonis ab Hybernia ad Terram Sanctam...

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Tony D. Triggs

Wulfstan (fl. 880), traveller, was a mariner, presumably but not certainly Anglo-Saxon in origin, who made at least one voyage in the Baltic Sea. While his motive may have been mercantile, his importance lies in the detailed, word-of-mouth report which he gave to ...