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Auchmuty, Sir Samuel (1758–1822), army officer, was born on 22 June 1758 at New York city, the second son of Dr Samuel Auchmuty (1722–1777), rector of Trinity Church, New York, and Mary Tucker, née Nicholls. The family were of Scottish origin, Dr Auchmuty's...

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Wystan Hugh Auden (1907–1973) by Cecil Beaton, 1953 © Cecil Beaton Archive, Sotheby's; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Auden, Wystan Hugh (1907–1973), poet and writer, was born at 54 Bootham, York, on 21 February 1907, the youngest of three children (all sons) of George Augustus Auden (1872–1957), general practitioner, and his wife, Constance Rosalie, née Bicknell (1869–1941). His parents were devout high Anglicans, especially his mother, who had trained as a missionary nurse before meeting ...

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Booth, Junius Brutus (1796–1852), actor, was born on 1 May 1796 near Tottenham Court Road, London, eldest of the three children of Richard Booth, a lawyer, and Jane Elizabeth Game. He had a brother who died in childhood and a sister. His mother claimed kinship with the radical politician ...

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Cary, Archibald (1721–1787), revolutionary politician in America, was born in Williamsburg, Virginia, the son of Henry Cary (1675?–1749) and his second wife, Anne Edwards of Surry county (d. in or before 1741). The Virginia Carys were relatives of the merchant Carys of ...

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Chew, Benjamin (1722–1810), jurist and politician in America, was born on 29 November 1722 at Maidstone on West River, Anne Arundel county, Maryland, one of the nine children of Samuel Chew (1693–1744), physician and jurist, and his first wife, Mary Galloway (1697–1734), daughter of ...

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Connelly, Pierce (1804–1883), apostate Episcopal priest and anti-Catholic pamphleteer, was born on 9 August 1804 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the eldest of four sons of Henry Connelly, a cabinet-maker, and his second wife, Elizabeth Pierce. He married Cornelia Peacock [see Connelly, Cornelia (1809-1879)...

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Duane, James (1733–1797), lawyer and revolutionary politician in America, was born in New York city on 6 February 1733, the son of Anthony Duane (1682–1741), merchant of New York city, and Althea, née Kettletas. He was of Irish descent through his father and Dutch through his mother. He was associated in his law practice and political life with ...

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Dunglison, Robley (1798–1869), physician and medical writer, was born on 4 January 1798, at Keswick in Cumberland, the son of William Dunglison, who was possibly engaged in woollen manufacture, and his wife, Elizabeth Jackson (d. 1854). He attended Green Row Academy at ...

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Forrest, Edwin (1806–1872), actor, was born on 9 March 1806 on George Street, Old Southwark, Philadelphia, the sixth of the seven children of William Forrest (1758–1819), a Scottish-American bank messenger, and his wife, Rebecca Lauman (1763–1847). As a young man he took elocution lessons and performed with an amateur acting society, the conventional route to an acting career in a profession still dominated by English theatrical traditions. He also trained his body by practising acrobatics, a regimen he continued throughout his life. Soon after his début in 1820, he went west with a travelling troupe and finally arrived in ...

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Edwin Forrest (1806–1872) by Thomas Sully, 1836–9 Garrick Club / the art archive

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Fulton, Robert (1765–1815), engineer and artist, the elder son in the family of three daughters and two sons of Robert Fulton (d. 1774?), a tailor, farmer, and tradesman, and his wife, Mary Smith (d. 1799), was born on 14 November 1765 at a farmhouse in ...

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Gaisberg, Frederick William (1873–1951), recording engineer and record company executive, was born on 1 January 1873 in Washington, DC, the second of four children of Wilhelm Gaisberg and his wife, Emma, née Klenk. His father was the son of German émigrés and worked at the ...

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(Francis) Bret Harte (1836–1902) by Frederick Hollyer V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

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Harte, (Francis) Bret [formerly Francis Brett Hart] (1836–1902), author, was born on 25 August 1836 in Albany, New York, the third child of Henry Philip Hart (1800–1845), who conducted a private school in his home, and Elizabeth Ostrander Hart. His paternal grandfather was ...

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James Iredell (1751–1799) by Charles Balthazar Julien Févret de Saint-Mémin, 1798–9 in the collection of the Corcoran Gallery of Art

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Iredell, James (1751–1799), lawyer and jurist in the United States of America, was born on 5 October 1751 at Lewes, Sussex, the eldest of five sons of Francis Iredell (d. 1772), a Bristol merchant, and Margaret, née McCulloh, who came from a prominent Anglo-Irish family with influential links to ...

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Jay, John (1745–1829), revolutionary and politician in the United States of America, was born on 12 December 1745 in New York city, the sixth son of Peter Jay, merchant and gentleman, and Mary van Cortlandt. He was of French Huguenot descent through his father and Dutch through his mother. He was a lifelong Anglican/Episcopalian. After private tutoring ...

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Langdon, Stephen Herbert (1876–1937), Assyriologist, was born at Ida, near Monroe, Michigan, in the United States, on 8 May 1876, the elder son of George Knowles Langdon, farmer, and his wife, Abigail Elizabeth Hassinger. He was educated at the high school at Monroe...

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Livingston, Robert R. (1746–1813), politician in the United States of America, was born on 27 November 1746 in Manhattan, New York city, the eldest son of eleven children of Robert Robert Livingston (1718–1775), lawyer and political leader, and his wife, Margaret (1724–1800), daughter of ...