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Adderley, Humphrey (1512–1598), courtier, was born at Blake Hall, the family home, near Cheadle, Staffordshire, the fourth of seven children of Thomas Adderley (c.1480–1538), gentleman and landowner, and his wife, Joan, daughter of John and Elizabeth Thirkill of Smallwood, Cheshire. The ...

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Adeane, Michael Edward, Baron Adeane (1910–1984), courtier, was born on 30 September 1910 in London, the only son of Captain Henry Robert Augustus Adeane of the Coldstream Guards, who was killed in action in 1914, and his wife, Victoria Eugenie (d. 1969)...

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Michael Edward Adeane, Baron Adeane (1910–1984) by Godfrey Argent, 1969 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Prince Adolphus Frederick, first duke of Cambridge (1774–1850) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, begun 1818 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Adolphus Frederick, Prince, first duke of Cambridge (1774–1850), viceroy of Hanover, army officer, and son of George III, was born at the Queen's Palace (now Buckingham Palace), St James's Park, London, in the evening of 24 February 1774, the tenth child and seventh son of ...

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Albert [Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha] (1819–1861), prince consort, consort of Queen Victoria, was born on 26 August 1819 at the ducal summer residence of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, the Rosenau, on the southern edge of the forest of Thuringen, about 4 miles...

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Albert Victor, Prince, duke of Clarence and Avondale (1864–1892), grandson of Queen Victoria, was born Albert Victor Christian Edward at Frogmore, near Windsor Castle, Berkshire, on 8 January 1864, the eldest son of the prince and princess of Wales (later Edward VII and ...

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Prince Albert Victor, duke of Clarence and Avondale (1864–1892) by W. & D. Downey, pubd 1891 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Prince Alfred, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900) by Abel Lewis, c. 1875–80 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alfred, Prince, duke of Edinburgh (1844–1900), duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, naval officer, and son of Queen Victoria, was born Alfred Ernest Albert at Windsor Castle on 6 August 1844, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. An extroverted child, his capacity for learning delighted his parents. They feared that the comparative academic weakness of his elder brother ...

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John Anstis (1669–1744) attrib. Thomas Hudson The College of Arms

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Anstis, John (1669–1744), herald and antiquary, was born at St Neot, Cornwall, on 28 or 29 August 1669, the first son of John Anstis (d. 1692), registrar of the archdeaconry of Cornwall, and Mary (1641×52–1669), daughter of George Smith of Lantewy and ...

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Archer, Thomas (1668/9–1743), architect and courtier, was born at Umberslade Hall, Tanworth in Arden, Warwickshire, the youngest son of Thomas Archer (1617/18–1685), and his wife, Anne (1632/3–1685). His father was a country gentleman who had held a colonelcy in the parliamentary army and at the Restoration became MP for the county; his grandfather ...

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Richard Arkwright (1755–1843) by Ramsay Richard Reinagle, 1813 Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

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Arkwright, Richard (1755–1843), cotton manufacturer and landowner, was born on 19 December 1755 at Bolton, Lancashire, the only son of Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792), cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Patience (d. 1756), daughter of Robert Holt. In 1780 he married Mary (...

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Armorer, Sir Nicholas (c. 1620–1686), royalist army officer, conspirator, and courtier, was born at Belford, Northumberland, a younger son of Thomas Armorer (d. 1642), of Belford, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Robert Clavering of Callaly in the same county. Like his brother ...

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Armytage, Percy (1853–1934), master of ceremonies, was born on 8 March 1853, at Huntroyde, Lancashire, the first son of Henry Armytage (1828–1901), colonel in the Coldstream Guards, and the Hon. Fenella Fitzhardinge Berkeley (1832–1903), daughter of Maurice Berkeley, first Baron Fitzhardinge. He was educated at private schools, at ...

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Arthur, Prince [Prince Arthur of Connaught] (1883–1938), governor-general of South Africa and grandson of Queen Victoria, was born Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert at Windsor Castle on 13 January 1883. He was the only son and second child of Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert, ...

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Arthur, Prince, first duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850–1942), governor-general of Canada, army officer, and son of Queen Victoria, was born at Buckingham Palace, London, the third son and seventh of the nine children of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, on 1 May 1850, the birthday of his godfather, the ...

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Prince Arthur, first duke of Connaught and Strathearn (1850–1942) by John Singer Sargent, 1908 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II