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Albert Victor Alexander, Earl Alexander of Hillsborough (1885–1965) by Howard Coster, 1942 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alexander, Albert Victor, Earl Alexander of Hillsborough (1885–1965), politician and co-operator, was born at 59 George Street, Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, on 1 May 1885, the son of Albert Alexander (d. 1886), a blacksmith, and his wife, Eliza Jane, née Thatcher. On his father's death his mother moved back to her parents' house in ...

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James Keir Baxter (1926–1972) by unknown photographer [detail] Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa

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Baxter, James Keir (1926–1972), poet and publicist, was born on 29 June 1926 at 97 Elm Row, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand, the son of Archibald McColl Learmond Baxter (1881–1970), a small farmer descended from immigrant Scottish highlanders, and his wife, Millicent Amiel Macmillan Brown (1888–1984)...

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(Archibald) Fenner Brockway, Baron Brockway (1888–1988) by Bassano, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brockway, (Archibald) Fenner, Baron Brockway (1888–1988), politician and campaigner, was born on 1 November 1888 in Calcutta, the only son and eldest of three children of the Revd William George Brockway, London Missionary Society missionary, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth, daughter of William Abbey...

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Dudley, Sir William Edward (1868–1938), co-operative society administrator, was born on 29 May 1868 at 1 Loch Street, Runcorn, Cheshire, the son of William Dudley, house painter, and his wife, Rebecca Cottrell. Dudley attended Runcorn parish church school until 1883, when he began work with ...

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Jurdain, Ignatius (bap. 1561, d. 1640), politician and civic reformer, was baptized on 17 August 1561 at St Michael's Church, Lyme Regis, one of the eight children of William Jurdain of Lyme; his mother's name is unknown. In his youth Jurdain was sent to ...

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King, William (1786–1865), physician and promoter of co-operative principles, was born on 17 April 1786 at Ipswich, one of ten children of the Revd John King (1738–1822) and his wife, Elizabeth Sarah, née Bishop. King was educated at Ipswich grammar school, where his father had been master. Aged fifteen he entered ...

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Neale, Edward Vansittart (1810–1892), Christian socialist and co-operative movement activist, was the only son of Edward Vansittart, rector of Taplow, and his second wife, Anne, daughter of Isaac Spooner of Elmdon. His father took the surname Neale under the will of Mary, widow of ...

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Nuttall, William (1835–1905), promoter of the co-operative movement, was born in Manchester in December 1835, the son of Charles Nuttall, who was a cotton weaver, and Mary, née Ratcliffe. He was baptized on 27 March 1836, and grew up in Manchester, Saddleworth, and ...

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Russell, Hastings William Sackville, twelfth duke of Bedford (1888–1953), evangelical Christian and pacifist, was born on 21 December 1888 at Cairnsmore House, Minnigaff, Kirkcudbrightshire, the only child of Lord Herbrand Arthur Russell, later eleventh duke of Bedford (1858–1940), and his wife, Mary Du Caurroy Russell (1865–1937)...

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John Henry Williams (bap. 1747, d. 1829) by William Say; after William Artaud, 1803 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Williams, John Henry (bap. 1747, d. 1829), Church of England clergyman and peace advocate, was baptized in Gloucester Cathedral on 10 April 1747, the son of John Williams and his wife, Mary (d. 1800); his armigerous family was descended from the distinguished judge ...