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Richard Arkwright (1755–1843) by Ramsay Richard Reinagle, 1813 Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

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Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792) by Joseph Wright of Derby, 1789–90 private collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arkwright, Sir Richard (1732–1792), inventor of cotton-spinning machinery and cotton manufacturer, was born on 23 December 1732 at Preston, Lancashire, the sixth of the seven children of Thomas Arkwright (1691–1753), a tailor, and his wife, Ellen Hodgkinson (1693–1778). The family was rooted in ...

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Arkwright, Richard (1755–1843), cotton manufacturer and landowner, was born on 19 December 1755 at Bolton, Lancashire, the only son of Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792), cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Patience (d. 1756), daughter of Robert Holt. In 1780 he married Mary (...

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Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

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Sir Thomas Bazley, first baronet (1797–1885) by John & Charles Watkins © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bazley, Sir Thomas, first baronet (1797–1885), cotton spinner and politician, was born on 27 May 1797 at Gilnow, near Bolton, Lancashire, the son of Thomas Bazley (1773–1845), sometime cotton manufacturer, mathematician, and journalist, and his wife, Anne, the daughter of Charles Hilton of ...

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Bridson, Thomas Ridgway (bap. 1795, d. 1863), cotton bleacher, was baptized on 12 July 1795 at Horwich, Lancashire, the eldest son of Paul Bridson, merchant and banker of the Isle of Man, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Thomas Ridgway, of Wallsuches, Horwich...

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Sir Edward Tootal Broadhurst, baronet (1858–1922) by unknown photographer The Whitworth Art Gallery, the University of Manchester

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Broadhurst, Sir Edward Tootal, baronet (1858–1922), cotton manufacturer, was born on 19 August 1858 at Bury Old Road, Broughton, near Manchester, the second son of Henry Tootal Broadhurst (1822–1896), cotton manufacturer, and his first wife, Mary Margaret, née Brooks. He attended Dr Hungerford's...

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Jennett Humphreys

revised by Anita McConnell

Brook, Charles (1814–1872), cotton spinner and philanthropist, was born on 18 November 1814, in Upperhead Row, Huddersfield, the son of James Brook, of the large banking and cotton-spinning firm of Jonas Brook Brothers, at Meltham, and his wife, Jane. Charles Brook lived with his parents, who in 1831 moved to ...

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Callender, William Romaine (1825–1876), cotton spinner and politician, was born on 2 June 1825 at 7 Nelson Street, Chorlton Row, Manchester, the elder son of William Romaine Callender (1794–1872), merchant and calico printer, and his first wife, Hannah, the daughter of Samuel Pope...

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Richard Cobden (1804–1865) by Giuseppe Fagnani, 1865 [replica; original, 1860–61] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cobden, Richard (1804–1865), manufacturer and politician, was born on 3 June 1804 in a small farmhouse at Dunford near the village of Heyshott in Sussex, the fourth of eleven children of William Cobden (1775–1833) and his wife, Millicent, née Amber (1775–1825).

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Coddington, Sir William, baronet (1830–1918), cotton spinner and manufacturer, was born on 12 December 1830 at Salford, Lancashire, the eldest son of William Dudley Coddington (1799–1867), a Manchester merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Hopwood, a Blackburn cotton spinner and manufacturer....

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Cross, Herbert Shepherd (1847–1916), bleacher and landowner, was born on 1 January 1847, at Mortfield, Halliwell, Bolton, Lancashire, the third surviving son of Thomas Cross (1805–1879), a bleacher, cotton spinner, and banker, of Bolton, and his first wife, Ellen, the daughter of Joseph Mann...

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Dixon, Sir Alfred Herbert, baronet (1857–1920), cotton spinner, was born at 14 St George's Terrace, Kensington, London, on 22 February 1857, the sixth son of Henry Hall Dixon (1822–1870), barrister and racing journalist, and Caroline, daughter of Thomas Lynes of Hackleton House, Northamptonshire...

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Drinkwater, Peter (1750–1801), cotton manufacturer, the son of Thomas Drinkwater of Whalley, Lancashire, was born at Whalley and baptized there on 29 June 1763. Nothing further is known of his life until 14 May 1771, when he married Margaret Bolton of Preston. They had four children. On 28 March 1785 he married ...

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Emmott, Alfred, Baron Emmott (1858–1926), politician and cotton manufacturer, was born at Chadderton, near Oldham, on 8 May 1858, the third son of Thomas Emmott, cotton manufacturer, of Oldham, and his wife, Hannah, daughter of John Barlow, of Chorley, Lancashire. Educated at the ...

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Alfred Emmott, Baron Emmott (1858–1926) by unknown photographer, c. 1899 © National Portrait Gallery, London