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Article

Aaron, Richard Ithamar (1901–1987), philosopher, was born on 6 November 1901 at Upper Dulais, Blaendulais, Glamorgan, the son of William Aaron (1864–1937), a draper, and his wife, Margaret Griffith (d. 1940). He was brought up in Llwyfenni, Llangyfelach, Ynystawe, which was his home from 1910 to 1932, and received his secondary education at ...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by L. E. Lauer

Angus, Joseph (1816–1902), Baptist minister and educationist, was born on 16 January 1816 at Bolam, Northumberland, the only son of John Angus, a farmer and later a leather merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Wanless. His first schooling was at the free grammar school, Newcastle...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by R. D. Smith

Ash, John (1724–1779), lexicographer and grammarian, was born in Stockland, Dorset; the details of his parents are unknown. At first a blacksmith's apprentice, he received encouragement from the minister of Loughwood, near Lyme, in whose parish he had been baptized, and from 1740 he studied for the Baptist ministry under ...

Article

Backus, Isaac (1724–1806), Baptist minister and historian in America, was born on 9 January 1724 at Norwich, Connecticut, the fourth of eleven children of Samuel Backus (1694–1740), farmer and ironworks owner, and Elizabeth (1698–1769), daughter of John Tracy and Elizabeth Leffingwell. Both of ...

Article

Baynes, Norman Hepburn (1877–1961), historian, was born at Putney, London, on 29 May 1877, the elder child and only son of Alfred Henry Baynes (1838–1914), general secretary of the Baptist Missionary Society, and his wife, Emma Katherine Bigwood (d. 1935). He lived in ...

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Thomas Spencer Baynes (1823–1887) by Thomas Rodger courtesy of St Andrews University Library

Article

Baynes, Thomas Spencer (1823–1887), editor of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, was born on 24 March 1823 at Wellington, Somerset, the son of Joseph Baynes (for fifty years minister of Wellington's Baptist congregation) and his wife, Anna Day Ash, a descendant of the lexicographer Dr John Ash...

Article

Bowen, Emrys George (1900–1983), geographer, was born on 28 December 1900 at 1 Towy View, Carmarthen, the elder child of Thomas Bowen, insurance agent, and Elizabeth Ann Lynch. He was educated at the council school, Pentre-poeth, and from 1912 to 1919 at Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Carmarthen...

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Ebenezer Cobham Brewer (1810–1897) by George Burnett Esam, c. 1895 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Brewer, Ebenezer Cobham (1810–1897), educationist and lexicographer, was born in Russell Square, Bloomsbury, London, on 2 May 1810, the third of the eleven surviving children of John Sherren Brewer (1775/6–1848), a Norwich schoolmaster, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Kitton of ...

Article

Callender, John (1706–1748), Baptist minister and historian in America, was born on 7 June 1706 in Boston, Massachusetts, the first of the four children of John Callender (1674–1742), shopkeeper, and his wife, Priscilla (1680–1716), daughter of John Ballard of Lynn, Massachusetts, and his wife, ...

Article

Carey, Felix (1786–1822), orientalist and missionary, was born on 20 October 1786 at Moulton, Northamptonshire, the eldest son of William Carey (1761–1834), missionary to India, and his first wife, Dorothy Plackett (1756–1807). He accompanied his parents to Bengal in 1793 and was baptized at ...

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William Carey (1761–1834) by Robert Home, 1811 [with his chief pandit, Mritunjaya] original owned by BMS World Mission, PO Box 49, Didcot, OX11 8XA, England

Article

Carey, William (1761–1834), orientalist and missionary, was born on 17 August 1761 at Paulerspury, Northamptonshire, the eldest of the five children of Edmund Carey and Elizabeth Wells. His father, originally a weaver, became in 1767 parish clerk and schoolmaster, which gave Carey access to a wide range of books. At the age of about fourteen he was apprenticed to a shoemaker in the hamlet of nearby ...

Article

Checkland, Sydney George (1916–1986), historian, was born on 9 October 1916 in Ottawa, Canada, the second of three sons of Sydney Tom Checkland (1878–1958), journalist, and his wife, Fanny Selina Savory Mason (1880–1941), recent immigrants from England. He grew up in a strict nonconformist Baptist home and, after schooling in ...

Article

A. C. Bickley

revised by Caroline L. Leachman

Claridge, Richard (1649–1723), Quaker minister and schoolmaster, was born in December 1649 at Farmborough, Warwickshire, the son of William and Isabel Claridge of Farmborough, 'both sober and religious persons, of good reputation, and well to pass, as to outward circumstances' (Life and Posthumous Works...

Article

Clarke, Charles Cowden (1787–1877), writer and public lecturer, was born on 15 December 1787 at Enfield, Middlesex, the son of John Clarke (1757–1820) and his wife, Ann Isabella, née Stott (d. 1853). Clarke's mother was the stepdaughter of John Collett Ryland (1723–1792)...

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Edward Clodd (1840–1930) by Emil Otto Hoppé, c. 1909 by permission of the E. O. Hoppé Trust, Curatorial Assistance, Inc., Los Angeles; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

E. S. P. Haynes

revised by J. F. M. Clark

Clodd, Edward (1840–1930), banker and popular anthropologist, was born at Queen Street, Margate, Kent, on 1 July 1840, the eldest child of Edward Clodd and his wife, Susan Parker. Of his six brothers and sisters four died in infancy and two did not survive childhood. His father was a ...

Article

Cooper, Thomas (1805–1892), Chartist and religious lecturer, was born on 20 March 1805 in Leicester, the illegitimate son of a dyer. His mother continued working as a dyer after the early death of Cooper's father, which indicates that the relationship was more than transitory. Living in ...