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Abramsky, Yehezkel (1886–1976), rabbinic scholar and Orthodox Jewish leader, was born on or about 7 February 1886 in Dashkovtsy, near Most and Grodno, Lithuania, the third child and eldest son of Mordecai Zalman Abramsky, a local timber merchant, and his wife, Freydel Goldin...

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Alexander, David Lindo (1842–1922), lawyer and Jewish community leader, was born at 6 South Street, London, on 5 October 1842, second son in the large family of solicitor Joshua Alexander and his wife, Jemima (b. 1819), one of eighteen children of David Abarbanel Lindo...

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Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker, was born on 16 February 1837 in Glasgow, the first son of Philip Asher, son of Rabbi Zev Wolf of Lublin, and his wife, Hannah, a native of the Netherlands. From an early age he was an assiduous scholar of Jewish and secular subjects, winning prizes at ...

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Cohen, Sir Benjamin Louis, first baronet (1844–1909), politician and Jewish communal leader, was born on 18 November 1844 at South Street, Finsbury, London, the eighth of nine surviving children of Louis Cohen (1799–1882), founder of the City firm of Louis Cohen & Sons...

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Goldsmid, Sir Francis Henry, second baronet (1808–1878), lawyer and Jewish communal leader, was born at Spital Square, London, on 1 May 1808, the second son of the financier Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, first baronet (1778–1859), and his wife and cousin, Isabel Goldsmid (1788–1860)...

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Greenberg, Leopold Jacob (1861–1931), newspaper editor and Zionist, was born at 26 Frederic Street, Birmingham, on 6 September 1861, the second of three sons (there were also two daughters) of Simeon Greenberg, jewellery manufacturer, and his wife, Matilda Samson. His parents were Orthodox Jews. He was sent to ...

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Hartog, Numa Edward (1846–1871), campaigner for Jewish rights, was born at 55 Mansell Street, Whitechapel, London, on 20 May 1846, the elder son among the five surviving children of Alphonse Hartog (c.1815–1904), a native of France and professor of French in ...

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Kook, Abraham Isaac (1865–1935), rabbi and Zionist, was born on 6 September 1865 in the small town of Greiva in Latvia (then part of tsarist Russia), the son of Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Kook and his wife, Faigah Leah. Born into a strictly Orthodox Jewish family, ...

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Maccoby, Chaim Zundel (1858–1916), Zionist and preacher, was born near the town of Kobrin, Poland, the son of ‘Simche’. Little is known of his parents, except that they were poor, devoutly Orthodox Jews. Maccoby had a thoroughly religious education, studying Talmudic subjects first in ...

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Sir Moses Haim Montefiore (1784–1885) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Montefiore, Sir Moses Haim (1784–1885), financier and Jewish community leader, the eldest son of Joseph Elias Montefiore, a London businessman, and Rachel, the daughter of Abraham Lumbroso de Mattos Mocatta, was born in Leghorn, Italy (during a visit there by his parents), on 24 October 1784. On his father's side ...

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Waley, Jacob (1818–1873), barrister and Anglo-Jewish community leader, was the elder son of Solomon Jacob Waley (d. 1864), of London, and his wife, Rachel Hort. Simon Waley, pianist and composer, was his brother. Educated in London at Mr Neumegen's school in Highgate...