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Abercrombie, John (1780–1844), physician, eldest of four sons of the Revd George Abercrombie and his second wife, Barbara Morice, was born on 10 October 1780 in Aberdeen, where his father was parish minister of East Church, and exerted a powerful influence on his religious and moral upbringing. ...

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Abercromby, David (d. 1701?), physician and philosopher, most probably belonged to the Abercrombys of Seaton in the north-east of Scotland where he is believed to have been born. It is not known if Abercromby married or had children, although what survives of his biography makes marriage unlikely. Nothing is known of his parentage....

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Sir Henry Wentworth Acland, first baronet (1815–1900) by Julia Margaret Cameron, 1867 Royal Photographic Society; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Acland, Sir Henry Wentworth, first baronet (1815–1900), physician, was the fifth of the nine children and the fourth son of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, tenth baronet (1787–1871), and Lydia Elizabeth Hoare (d. 1856). Born at the family home of Killerton, at Broadclyst...

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Adams [formerly Adam], Francis (1796–1861), physician and classical scholar, was born on 13 March 1796 at Auchinhove, Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire, the son of James Adam, a small farmer and builder, and his wife, Elspet Black. He was educated at the parish school, winning a bursary to ...

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Adams, Joseph (1756–1818), physician, was born on 20 July 1756, the youngest of the three sons of Joseph Adams (1725?–1783), an apothecary in Basinghall Street, London, and his wife, Susannah, daughter of Timothy Rogers. He was educated to succeed his father, studying in ...

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Addenbrooke, John (bap. 1681, d. 1719), physician and benefactor, was born at Kingswinford in Staffordshire, and baptized on 13 June 1681 at the parish church in West Bromwich, the only son of Samuel Addenbrooke, vicar of West Bromwich, and Matilda Porry of Wolverhampton...

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Francis Espinasse

revised by Claire L. Nutt

Addington, Anthony (1713–1790), physician, born on 13 December 1713, was the youngest son of Henry Addington (1659–1729), gentleman, of Twyford, Oxfordshire, and his second wife, Elizabeth (c.1670–1746), eldest daughter of Anthony and Joanna Watts of Sulgrave, Northamptonshire. He was sent as a scholar to ...

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Thomas Addison (1795–1860) by Alfred Hone, 1838 by permission of the Royal College of Physicians, London; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Addison, Thomas (1795–1860), physician, was born in April 1795 at Long Benton, near Newcastle upon Tyne, the younger son of Joseph Addison (1756–1823), a grocer and flour dealer, and his wife, Sarah, née Shaw (1761–1841). Educated privately and at Newcastle grammar school, Addison...

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See Caesar [formerly Adelmare], Sir Julius

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John Aikin (1747–1822) by George Engleheart, pubd 1823 (after Wright) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aikin, John (1747–1822), physician and writer, was born on 15 January 1747 at Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, the younger child and only son of John Aikin (1713–1780), theologian, and his wife, Jane Jennings (1714–1785). He had an elder sister, who, under her married name of ...

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Norman Moore

revised by Patrick Wallis

Ainslie, Henry (1760–1834), physician, the second son of James Ainslie, a physician of Kendal, was born on 21 March 1760 at Carlisle, Cumberland. After a sound education in Kendal he entered Pembroke College, Cambridge, in 1777; he was senior wrangler and second Smith's prizeman in 1781, and became a fellow of his college in 1782. In 1787 he obtained the university licence to practise physic and was elected physician to ...

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Mark Akenside (1721–1770) by Edward Fisher, 1772 (after Arthur Pond, 1754) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Akenside, Mark (1721–1770), poet and physician, was born on 9 November 1721 in Butcher Bank, St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne, the sixth of seven children of Mark Akenside (b. 1676), butcher, and his wife, Mary (1685–1760), daughter of William Lumsden. He was baptized on 30 November in the nonconformist meeting-house which his parents attended in ...

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Norman Moore

revised by Caroline Overy

Alcock, Nathan (1709–1779), physician, was born in Runcorn, Cheshire, the second son of David Alcock (bap. 1675, d. 1750?) and Mary (d. 1747), whose maiden name was Breck, and was a descendant of Bishop Alcock, founder of Jesus College, Cambridge. His brother was ...

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Sir James Alderson (1794–1882) by Edward Richard Whitfield (after John Edward Jones, 1847) Wellcome Library, London

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Robert Harrison

revised by Michael Bevan

Alderson, Sir James (1794–1882), physician, was born in Hull on 30 December 1794, the fourth son of Dr John Alderson and his wife, Sarah Isabella (née Scott; d. 1805), and was baptized in the Bowl Alley Presbyterian Church, Hull, on 18 April 1795. He received his early education at the school of the ...

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Alderson, John (bap. 1757, d. 1829), physician, was baptized on 4 June 1757 at Lowestoft, Suffolk, the youngest child of the Revd James Alderson (1713/14–1760), a dissenting minister, and his wife, Judith, née Mewse. He was only about three years old when his father died and he was brought up by an aunt and uncle in ...