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Alden, Sir Percy (1865–1944), social worker and politician, was born at Walton Street, in St Thomas's parish, Oxford, on 6 June 1865, the third of six sons (there was also a daughter) of Isaac Alden (b. 1834), a master butcher, and his wife, ...

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Appleby, Sir William (1732–1796), eccentric and municipal reformer, was born at Durham on 15 September 1732, the third surviving son of Edward Appleby (1702–1736), a grocer, who was said to have introduced the bleaching of linen cloth from Ireland to Durham, and his wife, ...

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Archdale, John (1642–1717), colonial governor, was born about 5 May 1642, the son of Mary Nevill and Thomas Archdale, a landowner in the parish of High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire; Thomas Archdale was the son of London merchant Richard Archdale, who had purchased the manors of ...

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Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

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See Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker

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Baker, George (1825–1910), municipal politician and philanthropist, was born at Birmingham, on 11 May 1825, the eldest son in the family of four sons and two daughters of Edward Baker (1800–1857), grocer and later blacking manufacturer, and his wife, Maria, née Downing (1794/5–1869)...

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Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982), politician and Nobel prizewinner, was born Philip John Baker at Woodstock, Brondesbury Park, London, on 1 November 1889, the sixth and penultimate child of (Joseph) Allen Baker (1852–1918) and his wife, Elizabeth Balmer Moscrip. His father had moved to ...

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Philip John Noel- Baker, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982) by Howard Coster, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Barclay, Robert, of Ury

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Barclay, Robert, of Ury (1648–1690), religious writer and colonial governor, was born at Gordonstown, Moray, on 23 December 1648, the eldest of the five children of David Barclay of Ury (1610–1686), soldier and politician, and Katherine Gordon (1620–1663), daughter of Sir Robert Gordon...

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Barnard, Sir John (c. 1685–1764), politician, was born of Quaker parentage about 1685 at Reading, presumably in or near his maternal grandfather's estate of Play Hatch. Brought up in London, where his father was a prosperous wine merchant, and educated at a Quaker school in ...

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Sir John Barnard (c. 1685–1764) by Jacques-Antoine Dassier, 1744 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barnes, William Peter Ward (1919–2011), public servant and administrator, was born on 16 April 1919 in the master's house, the Temple, London, the younger son (there were no daughters) of Ernest William Barnes (1874–1953), master of the Temple and later bishop of Birmingham...

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Barton, John (1789–1852), political economist and botanist, was born on 11 June 1789 in Southwark, London, the son of John Barton (1755–1789) and his second wife, Elizabeth, née Horne (1760–1833). He was the half-brother of Maria Hack, children's writer, and Bernard Barton, poet. The elder ...

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Beaufoy, Henry Hanbury (1750–1795), politician, was born in November 1750 at Cuper's Bridge, Lambeth, Surrey, the second child and eldest son of Mark Beaufoy (1718–1782), a distiller and vinegar brewer, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1720–1772), the daughter of Capel Hanbury of ...

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Bell, Jacob (1810–1859), pharmacist and politician, was born on 5 March 1810 at 338 Oxford Street, London, the eldest surviving son of John Bell (1774–1849), pharmacist, and his wife, Eliza (d. 1839), daughter of Frederick Smith, pharmacist of the Haymarket, London, and his wife, ...

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Bellers, John (1654–1725), political economist and cloth merchant, was probably born in Philpot Lane, near Gracechurch Street, London, the eldest of three children of Francis Bellers (1616–1679), merchant and Quaker, and his wife, Mary Read. His father was from Alcester, Warwickshire, and, besides accumulating substantial wealth as a merchant and trader after his migration to ...

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Bennett, Richard (1608–1675), colonial governor, was the nephew of the early Virginia merchant Edward Bennett, and may have been the Richard Bennett baptized in Somerset on 6 August 1609, the son of Thomas Bennett, though this is not certain. He went to Virginia...

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Berry, James (d. 1691), parliamentarian army officer and major-general, was in the late 1630s employed as a clerk in an ironworks in the west midlands. He was a friend of the puritan divine Richard Baxter with whom he shared a house for some time. ...

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C. A. Harris

revised by Lynn Milne

Binns, Sir Henry (1837–1899), politician in Natal, son of Henry Binns (1810–1880) [see under Binns family] of Sunderland and Croydon, and Elizabeth Bowron (d. 1855), was born at Sunderland, co. Durham, on 27 June 1837, and educated at Ackworth and ...