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Ashworth, Edmund (1800–1881), cotton manufacturer and free-trade activist, was born on 17 November 1800 at Birtenshaw, Turton, near Bolton, the fifth of the eleven children of John Ashworth (1772–1855), farmer, land agent, and cotton spinner, and his wife, Isabel Thomasson (1772–1852). Edmund was a younger brother of ...

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Bellers, John (1654–1725), political economist and cloth merchant, was probably born in Philpot Lane, near Gracechurch Street, London, the eldest of three children of Francis Bellers (1616–1679), merchant and Quaker, and his wife, Mary Read. His father was from Alcester, Warwickshire, and, besides accumulating substantial wealth as a merchant and trader after his migration to ...

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Coddington, William (1601?–1678), merchant and official in America, was born in Lincolnshire and may have been the son of Robert Coddington (d. 1615) of Marston, Lincolnshire. At the tender age of twenty-nine, while still in England, he was elected an assistant or magistrate of ...

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Cropper, James (1823–1900), paper manufacturer and politician, was born on 22 February 1823 in Duke Street, Liverpool, the eldest of the three surviving sons and six daughters of John Cropper (1797–1874), merchant of Liverpool, and his wife, Anne (1797–1876), daughter of John and ...

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Ecroyd, William Farrer (1827–1915), worsted manufacturer and politician, was born on 14 July 1827, at Lomeshaye, near Burnley, Lancashire, the first of the four children of William Ecroyd (1796–1876), worsted spinner, and his second wife, Margaret (1797–1835), the eldest daughter of William Farrer...

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Ellis, John Edward (1841–1910), colliery owner and politician, was born on 15 October 1841 at Castle View, The Newarke, Leicester, the eldest of the five children of Edward Shipley Ellis (1817–1879), railway chairman and social reformer, and his wife, Emma Burgess (1809–1899), both of whom came from Quaker families....

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Fielden, John (1784–1849), industrialist and politician, was born on 17 January 1784 at home at Laneside, Todmorden, Lancashire, the third of the eight children of Joshua Fielden (1748–1811), tenant farmer and clothier, and his wife, Jennifer (Jenny) Greenwood (1749–1825). He had no formal schooling. From a very early age he worked in his father's spinning mills and accompanied him on weekly trips to ...

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Norris, Isaac (1671–1735), colonial official and merchant, was born on 26 July 1671 in Southwark, Surrey, to Thomas Norris (d. 1692), a Quaker carpenter, and Mary Moore (d. 1685). The Norris family migrated to Port Royal, Jamaica, about 1678. Isaac journeyed to ...

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Pemberton, Israel (1715–1779), merchant and politician in America, was born on 19 May 1715 in Philadelphia, the first son of Israel Pemberton and his wife, Rachel, daughter of Charles Read of Burlington, New Jersey. The elder Israel was a leading Philadelphia merchant, Pennsylvania...

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See Price, Peter

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Priestman, John (1805–1866), manufacturer of worsted goods and peace campaigner, son of Joshua and Hannah Priestman, was born at Thornton, near Pickering, Yorkshire, where his ancestors had lived for more than 200 years. He is believed to have been educated at the Society of Friends'...

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See Rathbone, William

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See Richardson [née Atkins], Anna

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Richardson, James Nicholson (1846–1921), industrialist and politician, was born on 7 February 1846 in Belfast, the only child of John Grubb Richardson, an industrialist, and his first wife, Helena Grubb, originally of Cahir Abbey, co. Tipperary. Helena died in childbirth in 1849 and ...

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Charlotte Fell-Smith

revised by J.-M. Alter

Rickman, Thomas Clio (1761–1834), bookseller and reformer, was born on 27 July 1761 at The Cliffe, Lewes, the son of John Rickman and his wife, Elizabeth, née Peters. Both parents were Quakers and intended their son to enter the medical profession. Accordingly he was apprenticed to an uncle who practised as a doctor in ...

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Wanton, Gideon (1693–1767), merchant and colonial governor, was born on 20 October 1693 in Tiverton, Massachusetts, the third of the six children of Joseph Wanton (1664–1754), shipbuilder and farmer, and his wife, Sarah (1667–1737), daughter of Gideon Freeborn of Tiverton and his wife, ...

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Wanton, John (1672–1740), merchant and colonial governor, was born on 24 December 1672 in Scituate, Massachusetts, the fifth of the seven children of Edward Wanton (1631–1716), farmer and shipbuilder, and his second wife, Elizabeth Phillips (d. 1716?). In 1691 Wanton followed his elder brother ...