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Anderson, David (1751–1825), East India Company servant, was born in Edinburgh on 10 February 1751, the second of the eight children of David Anderson (1707–1786), writer to the signet, and his wife, Mary (d. 1781), daughter of John Mitchelson of Middleton, Edinburghshire...

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Jonathan Belcher (1682–1757) by John Faber junior, 1734 (after Richard Philips) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Belcher, Jonathan (1682–1757), merchant and colonial governor, was born on 8 January 1682 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the fifth of seven children of Andrew Belcher (1648–1717), merchant and politician, and his wife, Sarah (1651–1689), the daughter of Jonathan Gilbert, Connecticut merchant and politician.

Following his father's example ...

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Bond, Oliver (1760/61–1798), woollen merchant and Irish nationalist, was born at St Johnstown, co. Donegal, the son of a dissenting minister. His full name may have been Oliver Cromwell Bond, as this was used in contemporary reports of his radical activities. After serving an apprenticeship in ...

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Bowman, Alexander [formerly Patrick McKeown] (1854–1924), trade unionist and politician, was born on 16 March 1854, and baptized as a Roman Catholic, with the name Patrick McKeown. His father, William McKeown, or McKeon (1827–1865), was a Catholic farmer of Derry townland, Dromara, co. Down...

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Brown, James (1862–1939), trade unionist and politician, was born on 16 December 1862, at Whitletts, Ayr, the third child, but first to survive infancy, of James Brown, a weaver turned miner, and his wife, Christine MacMillan, née O'Hara. His mother was of protestant Irish and Scottish highland descent. ...

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Brown, Sir William, first baronet (1784–1864), merchant and politician, was born on 30 May 1784 at Ballymena, co. Antrim, the eldest son of seven children of Alexander Brown (1764–1834), merchant, and Grace, daughter of John Davison of Drumnasole.

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Sir William Brown, first baronet (1784–1864) by Sir John Watson-Gordon, 1857 Board of Trustees of the National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside (Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool)

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Bryan, George (1731–1791), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 11 August 1731 in Dublin, the fourth of eight children, and eldest son, of Samuel Bryan, merchant, and his wife, Sarah Dennis. His parents were Irish Presbyterians. In 1752 his father thought him sufficiently schooled in trade and sent him to ...

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by D. W. Hayton

Campbell, Daniel (1671/2–1753), merchant and politician, was the third son of the covenanter captain Walter Campbell of Skipness. After being apprenticed to a Glasgow merchant, he sailed to New England in 1692 as part owner of a cargo, and spent the next two years trading on the ...

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Candlish, John (1816–1874), glass bottle manufacturer and politician, was born at Tarset, near Bellingham in Northumberland, and baptized on 28 April 1816, the eldest son of John Candlish (b. 1793), farmer, and his wife, Mary, née Robson. Following the death of his wife about 1820, the elder ...

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Cowan, Charles (1801–1889), paper manufacturer and politician, born on 7 June 1801 at 12 or 14 Charlotte Street, Edinburgh (as he said in his Reminiscences), was the eldest of the eleven children of Alexander Cowan (d. 1859), owner of paper mills at ...

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Sir John Cowan, baronet (1814–1900) by unknown engraver, pubd 1894 (after Thomas Fall) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cowan, Sir John, baronet (1814–1900), paper manufacturer and political organizer, was born at 5 St John's Street, Edinburgh, on 7 May 1814, one of the eight children to reach maturity of Alexander Cowan (d. 1859), also a paper manufacturer, of Edinburgh and ...

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Cunningham, Sir Hugh (1642/3–1710), local politician and merchant, was apparently a descendant of one of the Ayrshire Cunninghams. However, since there are no references to his birth, and because contemporary sources and his coat of arms as recorded in the Lyon court allude to both the ...

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Cunningham, Waddell (1729–1797), merchant and politician, was born in Ballymacilmoyle, in the parish of Killead, co. Antrim, Ireland, the youngest son of John Cunningham, sometime ship's captain and a small farmer, and his wife, Jane Ross Waddell, of Islandderry, in the parish of ...

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Waddell Cunningham (1729–1797) by Robert Home, c. 1786 photograph © Ulster Museum. Photograph reproduced with the kind permission of the Trustees of the National Museums & Galleries of Northern Ireland

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See Dewar, John Alexander, first Baron Forteviot

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Drummond, George (1687–1766), accountant-general of excise in Scotland and local politician, was born on 27 June 1687, probably at Edinburgh, although in some accounts his place of birth is given as Newton Castle in Perthshire, where his father had business and family connections. He was one of at least three children of the factor and merchant ...

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George Drummond (1687–1766) by Sir George Chalmers, 1764 Scottish National Portrait Gallery