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Ammon, Charles George, Baron Ammon (1873–1960), trade unionist and politician, was born on 22 April 1873 into a poor working-class family in White Street, Southwark, London. He was the eldest child of Charles George Ammon (d. 1887), cutler and toolmaker, and Mary Kempley (1851–1900)...

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Alfred Baldwin (1841–1908) by Sir Benjamin Stone, 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baldwin, Alfred (1841–1908), industrialist and politician, was born at Stourport, Worcestershire, on 4 June 1841, the youngest of twelve children of George Pearce Baldwin (1789–1840), a small-scale iron founder and businessman, and his second wife, Sarah Chalkley Stanley (1801–1874), the eldest daughter of the ...

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Gill, Alfred Henry (1856–1914), trade union leader and politician, was born on 3 December 1856 at 36 Oldham Road, Rochdale, the son of John Gill, a cotton spinner, and his wife, Mary Stott. He received an elementary education, curtailed from the age of ten when he was employed as a half-timer in a local cotton mill; full-time work began at thirteen. On 4 January 1876 he married ...

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Hodge, John (1855–1937), trade unionist and politician, was born on 29 October 1855, at Linkeyburn, Muirkirk, Ayrshire, the son of William Hodge, a puddler at a local ironworks, and his wife, Marion (née Henderson). As a child Hodge moved to Motherwell and then to ...

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Holden, Sir Isaac, first baronet (1807–1897), inventor of a wool-combing machine, entrepreneur, and politician, was born on 7 May 1807 at Hurlet, near Paisley, the seventh child of Isaac Holden (d. 1826) and his wife, Alice, née Forrest. His father, a native of ...

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Holland, William Henry, first Baron Rotherham (1849–1927), textile manufacturer and politician, was born on 15 December 1849, at 68 Slater Street, Manchester, the younger of the two sons of William Holland (1823–1892), a warehouseman's son, and his wife, Ellen, daughter of Samuel Robinson...

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McArthur, Sir William (1809–1887), woollen merchant and politician, was born at Malin, Donegal, Ireland, on 6 July 1809, the fifth child and second son of John McArthur (d. 1840) and Sarah, née Finlay (d. 1861). His father was a poor Scots-Irish farmer who had converted to Methodism in the 1790s and turned to itinerant preaching in the ‘linen triangle’ of ...

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Perks, Sir Robert William, first baronet (1849–1934), industrialist and politician, was born at Old Brentford on 24 April 1849, the elder son of the Revd George Thomas Perks (1819–1877), president of the Wesleyan conference in 1873, and his wife, Mary (d. 1894)...

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Philips, Sir George, first baronet (1766–1847), textile industrialist and politician, was born on 24 March 1766, the second son of the eight children of Thomas Philips (1728–1811), a Manchester merchant (later of Sedgley), and his wife, Mary Jolley (d. 1806), the daughter and heir of ...

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Pickard, Benjamin (1842–1904), trade unionist and politician, was born on 28 February 1842 at Kippax, Yorkshire, the son of Thomas and Elizabeth Pickard. He was educated locally until the age of twelve, left school to join his father in the pit, and went on to work at other jobs at the collieries belonging to ...

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Alfred Roberts (1892–1970) by unknown photographer, 1940s © reserved

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Roberts, Alfred (1892–1970), shopkeeper and local politician, was born on 18 April 1892 in the village of Ringstead, near Oundle, Northamptonshire, the third of seven children of Benjamin Ebenezer Roberts (b. 1857), shoe manufacturer, and his wife, Ellen Smith. The Roberts family came originally from ...

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Shackleton, Sir David James (1863–1938), trade unionist and politician, was born on 21 November 1863 at Cloughfold in north-east Lancashire, the only surviving child of a power-loom weaver, William Shackleton, and his wife, Margaret (née Gregory). Educated at a dame-school and then in Wesleyan and Anglican day schools, he began work at the age of nine as a half-timer in a weaving shed, becoming a full-timer at the age of thirteen. In 1883 he married ...

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Sir David James Shackleton (1863–1938) by Bassano, 1919 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Spencer, George Alfred (1873?–1957), trade unionist and politician, was born at Sutton in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, probably in 1873, the second son in a mining family which eventually numbered eighteen children. His parents, John Spencer and his wife, Eliza, moved around a lot when ...

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George James Wardle (1865–1947) by Lafayette, 1928 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Wardle, George James (1865–1947), trade union leader and politician, was born in the Derbyshire mining village of Newhall, on 15 May 1865, the second son and one of eight children of George Wardle and his wife, Ella, née Orme. His father, a collier, left coalmining after an accident and eventually found work in ...

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Young, Sir Robert (1872–1957), trade unionist and politician, was born at 5 Hopehill Place, Glasgow, on 26 January 1872, the son of Robert Young, journeyman shipwright, and his wife, Mary Ann Layburn. He received an elementary education at Monsbank School, Glasgow, but left school at the age of twelve and went to work in a stationer's shop. In 1888 he joined a firm of ...