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See Rochdale Pioneers

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See Rochdale Pioneers

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Bailey, Sir John [Jack] (1898–1969), politician and co-operative movement activist, was born on 1 January 1898 in Miskin, Mountain Ash, Glamorgan, one of six children of John Bailey, miner, and his wife, Sarah Ann. Bailey attended Gwyn Ivor School, Miskin, until he was twelve. Working initially in a cobbler's shop, he entered the mines as a collier's boy. An accident in 1915 forced him to take a surface job, and in 1917 he enlisted in the ...

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Carter, Henry (1874–1951), temperance campaigner and pacifist, was born on 3 November 1874 at 17 Cornwall Street, Plymouth, the son of George Henry Richards Carter, a basket-maker, and his wife, Lavinia Johns Kingdon. His father died when Henry Carter was young, so he was brought up by his mother, a devout Methodist and committed teetotaller. At the age of fourteen ...

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Chunchie, Kamal Athon (1886–1953), Methodist minister and race relations worker, was born on 4 June 1886 in Kandy, Ceylon, the eldest of nine children (five sons and four daughters) of Muslim parents of Malay origin. His father, Athon Chunchie (1849/50–1928), of the Inche Che...

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Davies, George Maitland Lloyd (1880–1949), pacifist, was born on 30 April 1880 at the family home in Peel Road, Sefton Park, Liverpool, the fourth surviving son of John Davies (1837–1909), tea merchant, and Gwen, née Jones (1839–1918). The family attended Princes Road Presbyterian Chapel...

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Quilliam, William Henry [known as Sheikh Abdullah Quilliam; Haroon Mustapha Leon] (1856–1932), lawyer and Muslim leader, was born on 10 April 1856 at 22 Elliot Street, Liverpool, the son of Robert Quilliam, watch manufacturer, and his wife, Harriet, née Burrows. He was of Manx descent (and at one point active in the ...

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Smithies, James (1819–1869), co-operative movement activist, was born in Huddersfield, Yorkshire, and baptized on 14 November 1819, the son of Joseph Smithies, a publican, and his wife, Hannah, née Howe. His education included instruction in bookkeeping and accountancy. By 1841 he was apprenticed as a wool stapler with ...

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Wilson, (William) Gordon (1927–1995), draper and campaigner for reconciliation in Northern Ireland, was born on 25 September 1927 in Manorhamilton, co. Leitrim, Republic of Ireland. He was the eldest of four children of Methodist parents, George Edward Wilson and his wife, Henrietta Conn...