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Ashton, John (c. 1653–1691), official in the royal household and Jacobite conspirator, was the son of Andrew Ashton (d. 1679), of Liverpool, and his wife, Alice. His father was apparently a parliamentarian army officer, though from the royalist family of Ashton of ...

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Atterbury, Francis (1663–1732), bishop of Rochester, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born on 6 March 1663 at Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, the younger son of Lewis Atterbury (1630/31–1693) [see under Atterbury, Lewis (1656-1731)], then rector of Milton Keynes, and his wife, Elizabeth, ...

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Francis Atterbury (1663–1732) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1718 Christ Church, Oxford

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Balfour, Robert, fifth Lord Balfour of Burleigh (d. 1757), murderer and Jacobite sympathizer, was the son of Robert Balfour, fourth Lord Balfour of Burleigh (d. 1713), and Lady Margaret Melville, daughter of the first earl of Melville. Robert's attraction to a young woman of lesser social rank prompted his parents to send him on the grand tour in the hopes of breaking their attachment. Before leaving, however, ...

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Barclay, Sir George (c. 1636–1710), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was probably born in Kincardineshire, the son of Andrew Barclay of 'Sheels', who was of an unrecorded cadet branch of the Barclay family of Johnston, Kincardineshire, and was perhaps Andrew, a younger son of ...

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James Barry, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748) attrib. John Riley private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Barry, James, fourth earl of Barrymore (1667–1748), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was the younger son of Richard Barry, second earl of Barrymore (bap. 1630, d. 1694), and his third wife, Dorothy Ferrar of Dromore, co. Down. He was also heir to one of the oldest baronies in ...

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Berkenhead, William (bap. 1648, d. 1701), Jacobite spy, was apparently born at Northwich in Cheshire and baptized there in Witton Chapel on 3 April 1648. His parents were Randolph Berkenhead, the earl of Derby's bailiff in Northwich, and his wife, Elizabeth Harcourt, one of the ...

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Bernardi, John (1657–1736), army officer and Jacobite conspirator, was born at Evesham, Worcestershire, the son of Francis Bernardi (b. c.1627), a Genoese nobleman and agent at the court of Charles II, naturalized in 1675, and grandson of the Genoese diplomat Count Philip de Bernardi...

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Boyle, Charles, fourth earl of Orrery (1674–1731), politician and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Little Chelsea near Kensington, Middlesex, on 28 July 1674, not 1676 as stated in the Dictionary of National Biography, and was baptized on 1 August at St Mary's, Kensington...

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Butler, James, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745), army officer, politician, and Jacobite conspirator, was born in Dublin Castle on 29 April 1665, the second and eldest surviving son of Thomas Butler, sixth earl of Ossory (1634–1680), soldier and politician, and his wife, Aemilia van Nassau (...

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James Butler, second duke of Ormond (1665–1745) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1695 by kind permission of the Examination Schools, Oxford

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Caesar, Charles (1673–1741), politician and Jacobite agent, was born in London on 21 November 1673, the eldest of four children of Sir Charles Caesar (1654–1694), politician, and Susanna (d. 1693), daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Bonfoy, a London merchant. He was descended from a prominent political family; both his great-great-grandfather ...

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Cameron, Archibald (1707–1753), physician and Jacobite conspirator, was the fourth son of John Cameron (c.1663–1748), laird of Lochiel, and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Alexander Campbell of Lochnell, and the younger brother of Donald Cameron of Lochiel, who took a prominent part in the Jacobite rising of 1745. ...

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Cecil, William (1676–1745), Jacobite conspirator and agent, was born in December 1676 at Wakefield, the only son of John Cecil, of Northgate Hall in the West Riding of Yorkshire, and Anne Ogelthorpe (d. 1718). He was not, as has previously been suggested, a 'younger son of the family of the ...

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Charnock, Robert (1663–1696), Jacobite conspirator, was born on 2 February 1663 and baptized on 16 February at St Mary's Church, Warwick, the third son among seven children of Robert Chernocke (d. 1687) of Warwick and Wedgnock Park, Warwickshire, and his wife, Margaret Brooke (...

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Collingwood, George (c. 1679–1716), Jacobite insurgent, was born in Eslington, Northumberland, the eldest son of William Collingwood (c.1654–1715), gentleman, and Mary (b. 1659), daughter of Sir Richard Forster of Stokesley, second baronet. He held estates at Eslington worth approximately £900...

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Cotter, James (c. 1689–1720), Jacobite agitator and rapist, was born in co. Cork, Ireland, the eldest of seven children of Sir James Cotter (d. 1705), army officer and colonial administrator, and his second wife, Ellen Plunkett (d. 1698), daughter of Lord Louth...

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Cotton, Sir John Hynde, third baronet (bap. 1686, d. 1752), politician and Jacobite sympathizer, was baptized on 7 April 1686, the first and only surviving son of Sir John Cotton, second baronet (c.1647–1713), of Madingley Hall, Cambridgeshire, and his wife, Elizabeth Sheldon (...

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See Cotton, Sir Robert Bruce, first baronet